*/
  • นายยั้งคิด
  • ranking : สมาชิกทั่วไป
  • email : sunnytrack@hotmail.com
  • วันที่สร้าง : 2008-07-01
  • จำนวนเรื่อง : 4776
  • จำนวนผู้ชม : 1822900
  • จำนวนผู้โหวต : 476
  • ส่ง msg :
  • โหวต 476 คน
<< กรกฎาคม 2020 >>
อา พฤ
      1 2 3 4
5 6 7 8 9 10 11
12 13 14 15 16 17 18
19 20 21 22 23 24 25
26 27 28 29 30 31  

[ Add to my favorite ] [ X ]


วันศุกร์ ที่ 3 กรกฎาคม 2563
Posted by นายยั้งคิด , ผู้อ่าน : 258 , 13:10:43 น.  
หมวด : การศึกษา

พิมพ์หน้านี้
โหวต 0 คน

link@: LEARNING ENGLISH VIA NEWS: Thursday, July 2, 2020

     

According to weather temperature today, how is it to you?

I read the thermometer scale in front of my room, it shows 32.4 Celcius. Is it not good enough for you?

Moreover, in news nowadays, you'll see the word ' New Normal' mixed in anywhere, do you understand its

meaning?

Well ok, let us find its meaning at Google Translate right now.

And the description is as below;

new normality บรรทัดฐานใหม่

Well, this is means to you to have daily life in NEW NORMAL instead ever.

 

FRANCE 24 English – LIVE – International Breaking News & Top stories - 24/7 stream

https://youtu.be/is6Mv1U2hvw


 

 

 

American Phrases for Warning or Advising Someone

July 02, 2020
The code has been copied to your clipboard.
 
The URL has been copied to your clipboard
The other day, I started crossing a busy street in Washington, D.C., while looking at my phone. Suddenly, I heard a man shout, “Watch out!” He was telling me about an oncoming car. I did not know that the crossing light was red. The words “Watch out!” made me quickly return to the sidewalk.

I learned something that day: Phones can be distracting! And I remembered how useful warnings are.

To warn someone means to tell the person about possible danger or trouble. In English, there are several ways to do this.

Today on Everyday Grammar, we will talk about warning phrases Americans use in different situations.

Some warnings are urgent and immediate. Others are a form of direct or indirect advice — often about what not to do.

A U.S. street light displays the red image that means
A U.S. street light displays the red image that means "Dont walk."

Immediate danger

Let us talk first about warnings of immediate danger.

When warning someone of danger, you can say, “Watch out!” just like the man said to me on the street. You can also say, “Look out!” or “Be careful!”

For example, it could be that a moving vehicle or large animal is near. Or you might want to tell someone quickly that they will fall or crash into something or someone. Or you see a heavy object is going to drop or hit someone.

Listen to these warnings:

Look out for that tree!

Watch out! There’s a car coming.

Be careful! The floor is wet.

Americans often say, “Careful!” instead of “Be Careful!” Short, quick warnings of danger can be very effective.

Note also that we sometimes use “Careful” or “Be careful” in situations that are not urgent. For instance, if someone touches a valuable item and you want them to do it carefully, you can say, “Please be careful.” Or, if someone you know plans to walk around alone at night, you can tell them to be careful.

Indirect warnings

Another kind of warning is an indirect warning, sometimes called a weak warning. These are just like giving advice — yet they are advice about what not to do. You probably would only give such warnings to people you know.

Indirect: I wouldn’t if I were you

One of the most common ways we advise someone against doing something is with the phrase, “I wouldn’t…if I were you.”

Listen to an example:

I wouldn’t eat that if I were you. It’s been sitting in the refrigerator for two weeks.

Some Americans leave out the if-clause “if I were you.” Here is what that sounds like:

I wouldn’t eat that. It’s been sitting in the refrigerator for two weeks.

I will say more about using if-clauses in warnings shortly.

A woman in Tokyo wears a protective mask as she passes Tokyo Disneyland.
A woman in Tokyo wears a protective mask as she passes Tokyo Disneyland.

Indirect: I don’t think you should

Another phrase we use in advising about what not to do is “I don’t think you should.” Here is an example:

I don’t think you should take off your mask. You might spread or catch the virus.

Again, keep in mind that a phrase like “I don’t think you should” is something we would not use on strangers.

Direct warnings

Now, let’s talk about direct warnings, also known as strong warnings.

Direct: if-clauses

One kind of direct warning tells someone that something bad will happen if he or she does or doesn’t do something. For these, we usually use a conditional clause, also called an if-clause, which expresses a condition.

Listen to some examples:

If you go hiking alone, you will get lost.

I am going to take your electronics away if you don’t finish your schoolwork.

In both examples, the if-clause appears on one side of the sentence. The result appears on the other side.

Direct: don’t

Other strong warnings involve direct commands about not doing something. These often begin with the word “Don’t.” Take a listen:

Don’t check your phone when crossing the street.

I’ll be back in an hour. Don’t answer the door for anyone.

Notice that the subject is missing from the start of both commands. You may remember that, in English, the command form leaves out the subject.

Keep in mind that some of these commands can be considered friendly advice, such as when we say “Don’t forget…” like this:

Don’t forget to bring water. You got thirsty the last time.

Explicit warnings

Another kind of warning is an explicit warning. We give these to prepare someone for an unpleasant experience.

In explicit warnings, Americans usually use the word “warning,” saying things like, “I’m warning you” or “I must warn you.” Depending on the situation, these can be friendly — or they can be threats.

Here is a friendly explicit warning:

OK, we can do it that way. But just a word of warning: It will be much more difficult.

And, finally, an example of an unfriendly threat:

I’m warning you: If you do that again, there will be problems.

Oh, no! I don’t like the sound of that. Hopefully, you never hear that one being used.

Well, that is our program for this week. But just one last warning: If you don’t try the grammar exercise, you will miss a chance to practice your English.

I’m Alice Bryant.

Alice Bryant wrote this story for Learning English. George Grow was the editor.

________________________________________________________________

Practice Giving Warnings

Now, you try it! Give a warning for each of these situations.

1-At the zoo, you notice your niece is standing close to a fence. A large animal is walking quickly toward her. What do you say?

2-Your family wants to go to a famous restaurant. You are willing to go but want to tell them that the food is very expensive. What do you say?

3-At the library, you don’t know that a chair is broken as you begin to sit on it. What should someone say to you?

4-A friend tells you he/she is going to take a flight. But you don't think that is a good idea because of coronavirus. What do you say?

5-There is broken glass on a supermarket floor. A stranger does not see the glass and is going to step on it. What do you say?

6-You are driving to your friend’s house as a heavy rainstorm begins. You are on the phone with this friend. What should he/she tell you?

________________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

distracting - adj. causing a person to stop paying attention to something and to pay attention to something else instead

item - n. An individual thing

refrigerator - n. a device or room that is used to keep food and drinks cold

mask - n. a covering used to protect your face or cover your mouth

clause - n. a part of a sentence that has its own subject and verb

hiking - n. The act of walking a long distance especially for pleasure or exercise

thirsty - adj. having an uncomfortable feeling because you need something to drink

practice - v. To do something again and again in order to get better at it

fence - n. a structure built outdoors that separates two areas or prevents people or animals from entering or leaving

expensive - adj. costing a lot of money

..........................................................

6 Minute English

INTERMEDIATE LEVEL

Should we wear a face mask?

EPISODE 200702 / 02 JUL 2020

Introduction

With the outbreak of the coronavirus epidemic, people in many countries around the world have started wearing face masks to protect both themselves and others they come into contact with. In this programme Rob and Sam discuss whether wearing masks in public can help prevent the spread of coronavirus in the community.

This week's question 

When and where were face masks first widely used? Was it:

a) 1855 in Vienna,

b) 1905 in Chicago,  or

c) 1955 in London.

Listen to the programme to find out the answer. 

Vocabulary 

equivocal
difficult to interpret because it seems to have two opposite or contradictory meanings

it stands to reason (that)
is obviously true from the facts

heated debate
discussion or argument in which people become angry and excited

emitting
sending out into the air, for example a noise or smell or a virus

mask shaming
criticising, mocking or humiliating someone for not wearing a face covering

false sense of security
belief that you are safe when you are not

Transcript 

Note: This is not a word-for-word transcript    

Rob
Hello. This is 6 Minute English from BBC Learning English. I’m Rob.

Sam
And I’m Sam.

Rob
With the outbreak of the coronavirus epidemic, people in many countries around the world have started wearing face masks to protect both themselves and others they come into contact with. In this programme we’ll be asking whether wearing masks in public can help prevent the spread of coronavirus in the community.

Sam
Face masks have long been popular in some Asian countries but with the spread of Covid-  19, they’re increasingly being seen in other parts of the world too.

Rob
Wearing a protective mask or face covering is nothing new. Medical masks have a long history from the plagues of medieval Europe to nineteenth century outbreaks of cholera in the United States, but when did they start to be commonly used? That’s my quiz question for today: when and where were face masks first widely used? Was it:

a) 1855 in Vienna,

b) 1905 in Chicago,  or

c) 1955 in London.

Sam
Well, you mentioned cholera outbreaks in the US, so I’ll say b) 1905 in Chicago.

Rob
Right Sam, we’ll find out later if you were right. Now, face masks may inspire confidence but what is the evidence that they actually protect the wearer from contracting the virus or prevent infected people from spreading the virus to others?

Sam
Professor Robert West has conducted a review of over twenty studies looking into the evidence. Here he is speaking to the BBC World Service programme Health Check

Professor Robert West
The evidence is equivocal on it. It doesn’t tell you anything yet - hopefully that will change. So we’re thrown back on first principles and this is why, as in so many areas of public health, you get such a heated debate because people are really relying on their opinion on things and you will have one group who say, 'Well, it stands to reason',- the good old ‘stands to reason’ argument – which is: obviously, if you’ve got a covering in front of your face, and you’re speaking or coughing into that covering, it’s going to trap quite a lot of the virus on the droplets you’ll be emitting.

Rob
So far the evidence over whether face masks are helpful or harmful is equivocal – difficult to interpret because it seems to have two opposite or contradictory meanings. Based on current evidence, Professor West feels we cannot say whether mask-wearing is beneficial.

Sam
Some evidence suggests that wearing masks can prevent the disease spreading and some suggests the opposite.

Rob
There may be reasons why wearing masks could actually increase the spread of coronavirus.

Sam
However for some people, it stands to reason that masks are beneficial– meaning it is obviously true from the facts.

Rob
Actually, the evidence is far from obvious. But everyone has an opinion on the issue and after weeks of stressful lockdown, this can lead to heated debate – discussion or argument in which people become angry and excited.

Sam
Up until recently, the World Health Organisation said there were two groups who definitely should wear masks: people showing symptoms of the virus and their carers.

Rob
But that left the problem of people who have the virus without knowing it and maybe unintentionally emitting it – sending something out into the air, for example a noise or smell, or in this case, coronavirus. In June the WHO advice changed – now they say masks should be worn in public where social distancing measures are not possible. 

Sam
But the advantages of wearing masks might be outweighed by other considerations, as Professor West explains…

Professor Robert West
It could also have unfortunate negative consequencesin terms of mask shaming – that people feel compelled to wear masks in situations where it’s actually not helpful and may be harmful because it’s expected of them and they feel that they would be judged if they didn’t. But I think in addition to that, one of the problems we have is that masks can potentially create a false sense of security.

Rob
One negative effect is the practice of mask shaming – criticising or humiliating someone for not wearing a face covering.

Sam
Another problem is that wearing masks might create a false sense of security – a feeling of being safer than you really are.  Is that what happened in 1905 Rob?

Rob
Ah yes, today’s quiz question. I asked you when face masks were first widely used?

Sam
And I said, b) 1905 in Chicago.

Rob
Well done Sam, you were absolutely right! It was 1905 in Chicago when Dr Alice Hamilton first noticed that carers wearing masks to treat scarlet fever patients, did not get sick.

Sam
Interesting. Today we we’ve been discussing whether wearing masks helps prevent infected people emitting – or sending out, coronavirus.

Rob
So far the evidence is equivocal – unclear because it seems contradictory. In other words, we can’t say either way for certain.

Sam
But for some, it stands to reason - meaning it’s obviously true - that mask-wearing is a good idea.

Rob
This disagreement over wearing face coverings has started heated debate – that’s discussion which becomes angry or excited.

Sam
And this in turn has led to incidents of mask shaming – criticising or mocking people for not wearing a face mask.

Rob
A final drawback is that masks might give the wearer a false sense of security – that’s belief that they are safe when they are not.

Sam
That’s all we’ve got time for today.

Rob
Bye for now!

Sam
Bye!

.....................................................

Pattani luring China with its durian gems

Jul 02. 2020

Facebook Twitter

By The Nation

Pattani launched its Puangmanee durian season today with promotions designed to lure the lucrative Chinese market’s hunger for this unique variety of the pungent fruit.

Puangmanee durian is a small-sized variety weighing 1.3-1.8 kilos when ripe. Its flesh is smooth and creamy, but not too sweet, with a smell that is not as pungent as larger durian varieties

Kraisorn said that farmers in the southern provinces are trying to meet Asean Good Agricultural Practice (GAP) standards in order to boost the market for native durian, rambutan, mangosteen, southern langsat, and pomelo. China had also shown interest in importing Thai Puangmanee durian, he added. He hopes the fruit will help boost both local farming and tourism incomes.

 

 

.............................................................

Only one new Covid-19 case in state quarantine

Jul 03. 2020

Facebook Twitter

By The Nation

There was one case of Covid-19 infection over a 24-hour period, the government’s Centre for Covid-19 Situation Administration (CCSA) reported on Friday (July 3), the 39th day without a domestic case.

Meanwhile seven patients recovered fully and returned home, reducing the number undergoing treatment in hospitals to 56.

As of July 3, the total number of confirmed cases in the country since the outbreak stood at 3,180 (2,444 domestic cases and 243 in state quarantine) -- 3,066 have recovered and been discharged, and there have been 58 deaths.

Globally, the total number of confirmed cases reached 10.9 million, up by 179,000 in Thursday, 5.9 million have recovered while deaths stood at 523,000.

Dr Taweesin also revealed the number of cases of hand, foot and mouth disease, and influenza, which is also a respiratory disease mostly found in children aged 0-4 years, had decreased dramatically due to people wearing face masks. Overall pneumonia cases also tended to decrease.

Dr Taweesin urges Thais living abroad who wanted to return home to hasten their decision so that the government agencies could book and prepare state quarantine facilities for them, especially as there is space available now.

Since April 3, 51,464 people have entered the 14-day compulsory quarantine, 42,038 had already returned home while 9,426 were still at the quarantine facilities.

KBank deals with balancing act of helping borrowers and keeping shareholders happy

Jul 03. 2020
Patchara Samalapa, president of Kasikornbank
Patchara Samalapa, president of Kasikornbank

Facebook Twitter

By The Nation

Kasikornbank assured shareholders on Thursday (July 2) that it will recover the cost it has incurred from putting a moratorium on debt repayment and from other financial aid extended to borrowers hit by the Covid-19 crisis. 

Patchara Samalapa, president of Kasikornbank, said on Thursday that the bank has so far helped 650,000 borrowers, both individuals and corporates, by halting principal and interest repayment. Their combined outstanding loans are worth Bt828 billion. 

The bank also granted new loans to 94,000 borrowers worth Bt156 billion, up 30 per cent from last year, he said. 

Kasikorn has also allocated Bt1.5 billion for soft loans to help companies continue employing their workers. This package also covers zero-per-cent 10-year loans for small-sized businesses. The bank has so far given Bt1.14 billion to companies so they don’t have to lay off 49,000 employees. 

Patchara said the bank is not that concerned about individual borrowers but is instead focusing more on the Bt746 billion owed by businesses, principal repayment of which has been put on hold. The bank has suspended principal repayment for 293,000 businesses and granted new loans worth Bt143 billion to 60,000 businesses, he said. 

“It is impossible to predict how many of these businesses will be able to survive and come back after the crisis ends,” he admitted, referring to uncertainty stemming from fears of a second wave of infections or other new negative factors. “Maybe only 60 per cent of them will be able to rebuild their business.” 

However, he assured shareholders that they should not worry as most loans are backed by collaterals, while the average loan-to-value (LTV) ratio is 81 per cent – as in a debtor borrowing Bt100 will have to provide a collateral worth about Bt120.

He also conceded that the bank has taken money from shareholders’ pockets to help borrowers. “Thank you to those who have not sold our shares, but many did, which caused the bank’s shares to fall sharply,” he said. 

The Bank of Thailand’s and government’s financial aid measures have pushed commercial and state-run banks to provide support to both retail and corporate clients. 

The central bank has also recently told banks to stop paying interim dividends for 2020 and also prohibited them from buying back shares as it wants to ensure banks have enough capital needed to run their business. 

Patchara said Kasikornbank’s deposits have risen 13 per cent since early this year to Bt934 billion as of June 22. This suggests that corporates have cash in hand, though the new deposits come from those who are not participating int the loan-repayment moratorium, he added.

 

 ...........................................................

Complete Finished

Friday, July 3, 2020

 

 


แสดงความคิดเห็น


ถึง บล็อกเกอร์ ทุกท่าน โปรดอ่าน
   ด้วยทาง บริษัท จีเอ็มเอ็ม แกรมมี่ จำกัด (มหาชน) ได้ติดต่อขอความร่วมมือ มายังเว็บไซต์และเว็บบล็อกต่าง ๆ รวมไปถึงเว็บบล็อก OKnation ห้ามให้มีการเผยแพร่ผลงานอันมีลิขสิทธิ์ ของบริษัท จีเอ็มเอ็ม แกรมมี่ฯ บนเว็บ blog โดยกำหนดขอบเขตของสิ่งที่ห้ามทำ และสามารถทำได้ ดังนี้
ห้ามทำ
- การใส่ผลงานเพลงต้นฉบับให้ฟัง ทั้งแบบควบคุมเพลงได้ หรือซ่อนเป็นพื้นหลัง และทั้งที่อยู่ใน server ของคุณเอง หรือ copy code คนอื่นมาใช้
- การเผยแพร่ file ให้ download ทั้งที่อยู่ใน server ของคุณเอง หรือฝากไว้ server คนอื่น
สามารถทำได้
- เผยแพร่เนื้อเพลง ต้องระบุชื่อเพลงและชื่อผู้ร้องให้ชัดเจน
- การใส่เพลงที่ร้องไว้เอง ต้องระบุชื่อผู้ร้องต้นฉบับให้ชัดเจน
จึงเรียนมาเพื่อโปรดปฎิบัติตาม มิเช่นนั้นทางบริษัท จีเอ็มเอ็ม แกรมมี่ฯ จะให้ฝ่ายดูแลลิขสิทธิ์ ดำเนินการเอาผิดกับท่านตามกฎหมายละเมิดลิขสิทธิ์
OKNATION



กฎกติกาการเขียนเรื่องและแสดงความคิดเห็น
1 การเขียน หรือแสดงความคิดเห็นใด ๆ ต้องไม่หมิ่นเหม่ หรือกระทบต่อสถาบันชาติ ศาสนา และพระมหากษัตริย์ หรือกระทบต่อความมั่นคงของชาติ
2. ไม่ใช้ถ้อยคำหยาบคาย ดูหมิ่น ส่อเสียด ให้ร้ายผู้อื่นในทางเสียหาย หรือสร้างความแตกแยกในสังคม กับทั้งไม่มีภาพ วิดีโอคลิป หรือถ้อยคำลามก อนาจาร
3. ความขัดแย้งส่วนตัวที่เกิดจากการเขียนเรื่อง แสดงความคิดเห็น หรือในกล่องรับส่งข้อความ (หลังไมค์) ต้องไม่นำมาโพสหรือขยายความต่อในบล็อก และการโพสเรื่องส่วนตัว และการแสดงความคิดเห็น ต้องใช้ภาษาที่สุภาพเท่านั้น
4. พิจารณาเนื้อหาที่จะโพสก่อนเผยแพร่ให้รอบคอบ ว่าจะไม่เป็นการละเมิดกฎหมายใดใด และปิดคอมเมนต์หากจำเป็นโดยเฉพาะเรื่องที่มีเนื้อหาพาดพิงสถาบัน
5.การนำเรื่อง ภาพ หรือคลิปวิดีโอ ที่มิใช่ของตนเองมาลงในบล็อก ควรอ้างอิงแหล่งที่มา และ หลีกเลี่ยงการเผยแพร่สิ่งที่ละเมิดลิขสิทธิ์ ไม่ว่าจะเป็นรูปแบบหรือวิธีการใดก็ตาม 6. เนื้อหาและความคิดเห็นในบล็อก ไม่เกี่ยวข้องกับทีมงานผู้ดำเนินการจัดทำเว็บไซต์ โดยถือเป็นความรับผิดชอบทางกฎหมายเป็นการส่วนตัวของสมาชิก
คลิ้กอ่านเงื่อนไขทั้งหมดที่นี่"
OKnation ขอสงวนสิทธิ์ในการปิดบล็อก ลบเนื้อหาและความคิดเห็น ที่ขัดต่อความดังกล่าวข้างต้น โดยไม่ต้องชี้แจงเหตุผลใดๆ ต่อเจ้าของบล็อกและเจ้าของความคิดเห็นนั้นๆ
   

กลับไปหน้าที่แล้ว กลับด้านบน