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As to our English Learning, include its lesson daily, I try to serve well for you. And I pride to do so. How ever, I'll

get tired if there are less number of learner. Every time I hope a hundred learners at lease come to join.

However, I have the assistants in two, Google Translate and G Grammarly help me daily. Many thanks to them.

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Scores, Marks, Points, and Grades

July 03, 2020
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This week, we received a question from Eric, a teacher in China.

Question:

I am at a loss about how to use the following words correctly: score, mark, point, and grade. For example, if a student answers my question correctly in class, should I say, "I will give you two points for your success" or should I say, "I will give you two marks?" Another question: How should we call the numeral that we put on students' test papers? Is that a mark? Or grade? Or point? Or score? And can I say, "In this test, student A's grade is two points higher than student B’s"? Or should I use "mark" or maybe "score" instead of "grade" in this situation?

Eric, China.

Answer:

Dear Eric,

These are good questions. It is easy to mix up the many similar words connected to measuring student performance.

First, I will give the meaning of each word. Then, I will answer your individual questions.

Scores

A score is the total number of points that a student earns on a test or other schoolwork.

For example, suppose you are telling your students about an upcoming test. You could say this:

Each section is worth 25 points, for a total score of 100.

You can also use “score” as a verb. In that case, it means to get points:

Elaine scored well on her science test.

Marks and grades

The word “mark” is generally used in British English for the American word “grade.” Both mean the same thing: a measure. Teachers in the United States are more likely to use the word “grade” for the number or letter that indicates how a student performed in a class or on a test. In the U.S., for example, many students get letter grades to represent their numeric score for a single paper or exam, as well as an entire term of study in a subject.

Points

A point is a numeric unit that is used in tests and other schoolwork. We also use this word for classroom activities and games.

For example, you asked about what to tell a student who has done well in class. I would say,

I will give you ten points for your correct answer.

Or you might explain before you ask a question:

I will give you ten points if you answer this question correctly.

Understanding differences

Now let’s go over a few differences.

The difference between the words “grades” and “points” is that a grade is usually based on the number of points scored. For example, if 100 points is the total, and the student got between 90 and 100 points, the student gets an A grade. A grade of B would go to scores of 80 to 89, C is for 70 to 79, and so on. In the U.S., a grade is almost always represented by a letter, and points by numbers.

When talking about the difference between two scores we could use a sentence like the one you asked about:

Your score is five points higher this week than it was on last week’s test. You will get a good grade for the term.

Thanks again for the questions, Eric. They were grade A!

Your questions

What question do you have about English? Send us an email at learningenglish@voanews.com.

That’s Ask a Teacher for this week.

I’m Jill Robbins.


Dr. Jill Robbins wrote this story for Learning English. Caty Weaver was the editor.

_______________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

point – n. individual credit for a correct answer

mark – n. in British English, a letter assigned to a range of points

score – n. the result of combining points; v. to achieve or earn something such as points or a grade

grade – n. a letter assigned to a range of points

range – n. a series of numbers that includes the highest and lowest possible amounts

letter grade – n. a letter assigned to a score or a value; A = excellent, B = good, C = average and so on.

Do you have a question for the teacher? We want to hear from you. Write to us in the Comments Section or send us an email at learningenglish@voanews.com.

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Things You (Probably) Don’t Know About the 4th of July

July 03, 2020
Fireworks explode over the Lincoln Memorial during the Fourth of July celebrations in Washington, DC, July 4, 2019. (Photo by ANDREW CABALLERO-REYNOLDS / AFP)
Fireworks explode over the Lincoln Memorial during the Fourth of July celebrations in Washington, DC, July 4, 2019. (Photo by ANDREW CABALLERO-REYNOLDS / AFP)
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The United States observes its Independence Day on July 4th.

It normally includes massive public celebrations of music, fireworks and food in cities and towns across the country. This year, however, much of the country is avoiding large gatherings, or barring them.

So, we are turning to the ghost of Independence Day past to note some lesser-known history of the holiday.

July what?

Declaration of Independence painting by John Trumbull in 1818. The famous work hangs in the US Capitol Building in Washington, D.C.
Declaration of Independence painting by John Trumbull in 1818. The famous work hangs in the US Capitol Building in Washington, D.C.

This day will be remembered in American history, wrote John Adams in 1776. People will honor it with fireworks and celebrations.

He was talking about the second of July.

That is the day the Continental Congress voted in favor of independence from the British. The colonies officially became self-ruling states.

But the date written on the Declaration of Independence is July 4. So, since 1776, Americans have honored July 4 as the country’s Independence Day.

And July 2? Not so much.

Patriotic to the end

Adams went on to become the first vice-president of the United States of America and its second president. He observed many July 4th Independence Days right up until he died --- on July 4th, 1826. That same day, a few hours earlier, Adams’ lifelong friend, opponent, former vice president, and third president, Thomas Jefferson, also died.

It was the 50th anniversary of Independence Day.

Five years later, James Monroe, the country’s fifth president, also died on July 4.

And one president, Calvin Coolidge, was born on July 4, in 1872.

 

Nathan who?

Most Americans celebrate Independence Day with barbecues, parades and, yes, fireworks. But a few celebrate by eating all the hot dogs they can.

Defending men's champion Joey Chestnut, left, and defending women's champion Miki Sudo pose together during Nathan's Famous international Fourth of July hot dog eating in New York City, in 2019.
Defending men's champion Joey Chestnut, left, and defending women's champion Miki Sudo pose together during Nathan's Famous international Fourth of July hot dog eating in New York City, in 2019.

Every July 4th since the early 1970s, a restaurant called Nathan’s Famous has held a competition to see who can eat the most hot dogs in ten minutes. The event involves 30 to 40 competitors divided by sex. Women face women. Men face men.

The competition is held at Nathan’s Famous in the Coney Island area of New York City. The 1916 restaurant grew over the years into a large food business, with many stores.

The undeniable star eater at Nathan’s is Joey Chestnut of California. The 36-year-old has won the men’s championship 12 times, including last year. He also holds the Nathan’s record for most hot dogs eaten in competition --- 74.

New York native Miki Sudo is Nathan’s Famous current women’s champion. She has won the event six times, more than any other woman.

But her opponent, South Korean-born Sonya Thomas has eaten more hot dogs at the event. Thomas set the record in 2011 downing 40 hot dogs in ten minutes. But, that record did not last long. Thomas returned to Nathan's the following year and ate 45.

Nathan’s is holding the hot dog eating competition again this Independence Day. The event is not open to the public because of COVID-19. But, it will be covered live on television and the web.

Where do those fireworks come from?

So, let’s go back to those fireworks, probably the most common image linked to Independence Day. Americans really, really love fireworks. The American Pyrotechnic Association – “pyrotechnic” is another word for “fireworks” – reported that Americans spent $1 billion on ordinary fireworks last year. And, the industry group said it also earned $375 million from sales of professional fireworks.

People watch Macy's 4th of July Fireworks Independence Day celebrations in New York July 4, 2016. REUTERS/Eduardo Munoz)
People watch Macy's 4th of July Fireworks Independence Day celebrations in New York July 4, 2016. REUTERS/Eduardo Munoz)
 
But although fireworks are in popular use in America, they are rarely made in America. The huge majority is imported from China.

And, most American flags are made there too!

Happy Independence Day!

I'm Caty Weaver.

Kelly Jean Kelly and Caty Weaver wrote this story for Learning English. Hai Do was the editor.

________________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

barbecue -n. to cook food, especially meat, outside over hot coals or an open fire​

hot dog -n. a small cooked sausage that is mild in flavor and is usually served in a long roll (called a hot dog bun)​

We want to hear from you. Write to us in the Comments section, and visit our Facebook page.

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6 Minute English

INTERMEDIATE LEVEL

Describing Generation Z

EPISODE 181004 / 04 OCT 2018

In this programme, we look at Generation Z - a name that describes the people born in the late nineties or early noughties. Also known as Gen Z, they are seen as the social media generation. We discuss other characteristics of this young generation and learn some new vocabulary along the way.

This week's question:

No one can quite agree on who first used the term 'social media', but we do know from which decade it came. Was it...

a)    the 1980s,

b)    the 1990s,

c)    the noughties, that is the first decade of the 21st Century?

Listen to the programme to find out the answer.

Vocabulary

generations
this is a term used to describe people born in a particular period of time (usually, but not always, a period of about 18 to 20 years)

noughties
first decade of the 21st Century, from 2000 to 2009

to cater for
to provide something that is needed or wanted for a particular group

tech-innate, hyper-informed consumers
(here) describes people who are extremely comfortable with modern technology and social media and, as a result, have a lot of information about what's going on in the world

savvy
smart and intelligent

the norm
what is normal, what is usual for someone

Transcript

Note: This is not a word for word transcript

Neil
Hello. Welcome to 6 Minute English, I'm Neil.

Rob
And I'm Rob.

Neil
Rob, what generation are you?

Rob
Well what are my choices?

Neil
You can't choose what generation you are, it depends on when you were born.

Rob
Oh, OK then, what are the different generations?

Neil
Well, there are baby boomers, who were born in between the 1940s and the early 1960s. Then there was Generation X, born between the mid 1960s and the early 1980s. Then there is Generation Y, also known as millennials, born mid 1980s to late 1990s, and ...

Rob
OK, let me guess, Generation Z? Born in the late nineties or early noughties?

Neil
You're very smart. So, which one are you?

Rob
Ah, that would give away my age, wouldn't it? OK, I have to confess I am Generation X. And what about you, Neil?

Neil
Yes me too, Generation X. But today we're going to focus on Generation Z, also known as Gen Z. What marks Gen Z in particular is that they are the social media generation. They have never known a time without social media.

Rob
Oh, poor them!

Neil
Mmm, well, that's one view. Other opinions are available. Before we look at Gen Z in more detail, a question though. No one can quite agree on who first used the term 'social media', but we do know from which decade it came. Was it:

a)    the 1980s

b)    the 1990s

c)    the noughties, that is the first decade of the 21st Century.

Rob, what's your answer?

Rob
Well, come on, it's quite a recent thing. It's got to be c) the noughties.

Neil
We'll find out the answer later in the programme. Now we're going to hear from Hiral Patel who is an analyst for Barclays. She appeared on BBC Radio 4's You and Yours programme and was asked whether there was much difference between millennials and Generation Z. Does she think they are the same or different?

Hiral Patel
Most people view Generation Z as mini-millennials - and that's because there is an obsession with the word 'millennial'. Our research shows that Gen Z are different and that they have their own set of values and preferences which consumer brands need to cater for. Our research found that Gen Z are tech-innate, hyper-informed consumers, and extremely savvy. This hyper-connected world that we live in today is a new norm for them.

Neil
So Rob, does Hiral Patel think there is much difference between the two generations?

Rob
Yes, she does. But she comments that not everyone does. Millennials a term that is used so frequently that many people think it refers to all young people. Gen Z, she says are not mini-millennials, they are quite different and have their own values and preferences.

Neil
And this is important for consumer brands, for companies who want to sell to this generation. They need to cater for that generation, which means they need to provide goods that Gen Z want.

Rob
And she describes Gen Z as being tech-innate hyper-informed consumers.

Neil
It's a bit of a mouthful but essentially it means that they are extremely comfortable with modern technology and social media and as a result have a lot of information about what's going on in the world. This makes them savvy.

Rob
And being savvy means being able to understand situations well and make clever decisions because of this knowledge.

Neil
Now, I think I'm pretty savvy when it comes to modern connected technology and media, but I didn't grow up with it, it's new. For Gen Z, this level of technology is what is normal, it's all around and always has been, it's their norm, as Hiral Patel put it. Here she is again:

Hiral Patel
Most people view Generation Z as mini-millennials - and that's because there is an obsession with the word 'millennial'. Our research shows that Gen Z are different and that they have their own set of values and preferences which consumer brands need to cater for. Our research found that Gen Z are tech-innate, hyper-informed consumers, and extremely savvy. This hyper-connected world that we live in today is a new norm for them.

Neil
Right, time to review this week's vocabulary, but first let's have an answer to that quiz. In what decade was the term 'social media' first coined? Was it:

a)    the 1980s

b)    the 1990s

c)    the noughties

What did you say, Rob?

Rob
Yeah, well I said c) the noughties.

Neil
You're wrong. Perhaps unsurprisingly, the 1990s is the answer. I'm sure most of you got that one correct. Right, now, the vocabulary.

Rob
Yes, this week we've been talking about generations. This is a term used to describe people born in a particular period of time, usually, but not always a period of about 18 to 20 years.

Neil
And we were focussing on Generation Z or Gen Z which includes those born in the early noughties, which is the first decade of the 21st Century from 2000 to 2009.

Rob
The next expression was to cater for. This means to provide something that is needed or wanted for a particular group. And if you are trying to sell something, you need to cater for your target market.

Neil
And if your market is Gen Z you need to be aware that they are tech innate, hyper-informed. They have grown up with connected technology and are very knowledgeable.

Rob
This makes them extremely savvy. This adjective means smart and intelligent. In this context it means they are able to make smart decisions about what to buy because they are connected so many sources of information. And for Gen Z, this level of interaction and connectivity is the norm. It's what is normal, what is usual for them. So where I struggle sometimes with modern life and technology - for Gen Z, it's easy.

Neil
Well, that may be true but I'm savvy enough to know that it's time to end the programme.

Do join us again next time and remember you can find us on Instagram, Facebook, Twitter, YouTube and of course our website bbclearningenglish.com. And let's not forget our app, Rob!

Rob
Download it now. It's free!

Neil
Join us again next time. Goodbye.

Rob
Bye!

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A rapid Arctic meltdown taking place in Siberia alarms scientists

Jul 04. 2020
January to May 2020 average temperatures relative to the 1951 to 1980 average
January to May 2020 average temperatures relative to the 1951 to 1980 average

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By The Washington Post · Isabelle Khurshudyan, Andrew Freedman, Brady Dennis · NATIONAL, WORLD, SCIENCE-ENVIRONMENT, ASIA-PACIFIC 

Alexander Deyev can still taste the smoke from last year's wildfires that blanketed the towns near his home in southeastern Siberia, and he is dreading their return. 

But already, this spring's fires arrived earlier and with more ferocity, government officials have said. In the territory where Deyev lives, fires were three times larger in April than the year before. And the hot, dry summer lies ahead. 

Much of the world remains consumed with the deadly novel coronavirus. The United States, crippled by the pandemic, is in the throes of a divisive presidential election and protests over racial inequality. But at the top of the globe, the Arctic is enduring its own summer of discontent. 

Wildfires are raging amid record-breaking temperatures. Permafrost is thawing, infrastructure is crumbling and sea ice is dramatically vanishing. 

In Siberia and across much of the Arctic, profound changes are unfolding more rapidly than scientists anticipated only a few years ago. Shifts that once seemed decades away are happening now, with potentially global implications.

 

"We always expected the Arctic to change faster than the rest of the globe," said Walt Meier, a senior research scientist at the National Snow and Ice Data Center at the University of Colorado at Boulder. "But I don't think anyone expected the changes to happen as fast as we are seeing them happen."

Vladimir Romanovsky, a researcher at the University of Alaska at Fairbanks, said the pace, severity and extent of the changes are surprising even to many researchers who study the region for a living. Predictions that once seemed extreme for how quickly the Arctic would warm "underestimate what is going on in reality," he said. The temperatures occurring in the High Arctic during the past 15 years were not predicted to occur for another 70 years, he said. 

Neither Dallas nor Houston have hit 100 degrees yet this year, but in one of the coldest regions of the world, Siberia's "Pole of Cold," the mercury climbed to 100.4 degrees Fahrenheit (38 Celsius) on June 20.

If confirmed, the record-breaker in the remote Siberian town of Verkhoyansk, about 3,000 miles east of Moscow, would stand as the highest temperature in the Arctic since record-keeping began in 1885. 

The triple-digit record was not a freak event, either, but instead part of a searing heat wave. Verkhoyansk saw 11 straight days with a high temperature of 86 degrees Fahrenheit (30 Celsius) or above, according to Rick Thoman, a climate scientist at the University of Alaska at Fairbanks. The average June high at that location is just 68 degrees Fahrenheit (20 Celsius). 

This week, Ust'-Olenek, Russia, about 450 miles north of the Arctic Circle, recorded a temperature of 93.7 degrees (34.3 Celsius), about 40 degrees above average for the date. On May 22, the Siberian town of Khatanga, located well north of the Arctic Circle, recorded a temperature of 78 degrees Fahrenheit - about 46 degrees above normal.

Much of Siberia experienced an exceptionally mild winter, followed by a warmer-than- average spring, and has been among the most unusually warm regions of the world during 2020. During May, parts of Siberia saw an average monthly temperature that was a staggering 18 degrees Fahrenheit (10 Celsius) above average for the month, according to the European Union's Copernicus Climate Change Service.

"To me, these are kind of the key ingredients of things you expect in a warming climate," Freja Vamborg, a senior scientist at Copernicus, said of the recent heat records, coupled with prolonged months of higher-than-average temperatures.

The persistent warmth has helped to fuel wildfires, eviscerate sea ice, and destabilize homes and other buildings constructed on thawing permafrost. It allegedly even contributed to a massive fuel spill in Norilsk in late May that prompted Russian President Vladimir Putin to declare a state of emergency in the environmentally sensitive region. 

Already, sea ice in the vicinity of Siberia is running at record low levels for any year dating to the start of the satellite era in 1979. 

Scientists have long maintained that the Arctic is warming twice as fast as the rest of the world. But in reality, the region is now warming at nearly three times the global average. Data from NASA shows that since 1970, the Arctic has warmed by an average of 5.3 degrees (2.94 Celsius), compared with the global average of 1.71 degrees (0.95 Celsius) during the same period. Scientists refer to the phenomenon as "Arctic amplification."

The melting of snow and ice earlier in the spring exposes darker land surfaces and ocean waters. This switches these areas from being net reflectors of incoming solar radiation to heat absorbers, which further increases land and sea temperatures. That means more warmth in the air, more melting of snow and ice, and drying of vegetation in a way that creates more fuel for wildfires.

What happens in the Arctic matters for the rest of the globe. Greenland ice melt is already the biggest contributor to sea level rise worldwide, studies show. The loss of Arctic sea ice is also thought to be leading to more extreme weather patterns far outside the Arctic, in a complex series of ripple effects that may be partly responsible for extreme heat and precipitation events that have claimed thousands of lives in recent years.

The fires that have erupted in Siberia this summer have been massive, sending plumes of smoke that have covered a swath of land spanning about 1,000 miles at times. While much of the fire activity has occurred in the Sakha Republic, known for such blazes, scientists are observing more fires burning further north, above the Arctic Circle, in peatlands and tundra. 

"This seems to be a new pattern," said Jessica McCarty, a researcher at Miami University in Ohio. In past years, fires "were sparse if not unheard of in these regions." 

One concern is that such fires could be destabilizing peatlands and permafrost - the carbon-rich frozen soil that covers nearly a quarter of the Northern Hemisphere's land mass, stretching across large parts of Alaska, Canada, Siberia and Greenland.

Merritt Turetsky, director of the Institute for Arctic and Alpine Research at the University of Colorado at Boulder, said fires in Siberia are currently burning "in areas where we expect permafrost to be more vulnerable." Typically, these fires would break out in July and August, but this year they spiked in May, a sign of the unusual heat and early snow melt.

Turetsky said the fires are removing the blanket of vegetation that covers permafrost, making it more vulnerable to melting.

Satellite observations of Arctic wildfires in June also showed that fires this year are emitting more greenhouse gases than the record Arctic fires in 2019, according to Mark Parrington, who tracks wildfires around the world with the Copernicus Atmosphere Monitoring Service. 

Some of these blazes appear to be what are known as "zombie fires," which survived the winter season smoldering underground only to erupt again once snow and ice melts the following spring. Similar fires have been observed in Alaska this summer. 

Ted Schuur, a professor at Northern Arizona University who researches permafrost emissions, said the rapid warming is turning the Arctic into a net emitter of greenhouse gases - a disconcerting shift that threatens to dramatically hasten global warming. The unusually mild conditions in Siberia are particularly worrisome, as the region is home to the largest zone of continuous permafrost in the world. 

There has long been concern throughout the scientific community that the approximately 1,460 billion to 1,600 billion metric tons of organic carbon stored in frozen Arctic soils, from Russia to Alaska to Canada, could be released as the permafrost melts. That is almost twice the amount of greenhouse gases trapped in the atmosphere. Recent research by Schuur and others shows that warmer temperatures allow microbes within the soil to convert permafrost carbon into carbon dioxide and methane.

A report late last year that Schuur co-authored found that permafrost ecosystems could be releasing as much as 1.1 billion to 2.2 billion tons of carbon dioxide per year - nearly as much as the annual emissions of Japan and Russia in 2018, respectively.

"A decade ago we thought more of the permafrost would be resistant to change," said Schuur. The more scientists look for destabilizing permafrost and an increase in greenhouse gas emissions, the more they find such evidence.

Rapid warming has altered those calculations. "We're basically setting records in the Arctic year after year," Schuur said. "These emissions are now adding to our climate change problem. What happens in Siberia is going to affect everything through the global climate system."

Researchers have watched as the changes sweeping the Arctic threaten major infrastructure, including homes and cities in the region.

"Will roads, buildings, oil and gas pipelines be able to survive without emergency [interventions], due to permafrost degradation?" Alexander Fedorov, deputy director of the Melnikov Permafrost Institute in the regional capital of Yakutsk, said in an email. "One must live on stable lands. In Siberia and the Arctic, many settlements and infrastructure were built before global warming, before there were problems. The main thing is not to be late with the solutions, because many villages are located in dangerous and vulnerable areas."

For all the disconcerting signals coming out of the Arctic, the potential for troubling events remains high in the coming months, Meier said. 

Sea ice typically reaches its minimum in September, he noted. Ice melt accelerates in Greenland during June and July. Wildfires have the potential to worsen as summer drags on. Intense summer storms can cause permafrost degradation and worsen coastal erosion. 

"Certainly, 2020 is a strange year all around, for a lot of reasons beyond climate," Meier said. "But it's certainly setting up to be an extreme year in the Arctic."

That might seem like a distant problem to the rest of the world. But those who study the Arctic insist the rest of us should pay close attention.

"When we develop a fever, it's a sign. It's a warning sign that something is wrong and we stop and we take note," Turetsky said. "Literally, the Arctic is on fire. It has a fever right now, and so it's a good warning sign that we need to stop, take note and figure out what's going on."

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Lower house approves draft budget bill

 

 

Jul 04. 2020

 

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By THE NATION

 

The fiscal 2021 draft budget bill sailed through the House of Representatives on Friday (June 3) at 11.23pm after three days of debate on the first reading.

The draft sets the budget for the next fiscal year at around Bt3.3 trillion.

Of the 476 members of Parliament present in the house, 273 MPs voted in favour, 200 voted against, three abstained from voting. The house has also appointed a special committee comprising 72 experts to revise the draft within 105 days.

Prime Minister General Prayut Chan-o-cha thanked the House of Representatives for passing the draft, and vowed to focus the use of the budget on strengthening the country’s economy, reducing disparity and promoting the development of human resources.

He also urged the newly appointed committee to carefully revise the draft based on suggestions that the MPs had presented in the past three days.

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Complete Finished

Saturday, July 4, 2020

 


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จึงเรียนมาเพื่อโปรดปฎิบัติตาม มิเช่นนั้นทางบริษัท จีเอ็มเอ็ม แกรมมี่ฯ จะให้ฝ่ายดูแลลิขสิทธิ์ ดำเนินการเอาผิดกับท่านตามกฎหมายละเมิดลิขสิทธิ์
OKNATION



กฎกติกาการเขียนเรื่องและแสดงความคิดเห็น
1 การเขียน หรือแสดงความคิดเห็นใด ๆ ต้องไม่หมิ่นเหม่ หรือกระทบต่อสถาบันชาติ ศาสนา และพระมหากษัตริย์ หรือกระทบต่อความมั่นคงของชาติ
2. ไม่ใช้ถ้อยคำหยาบคาย ดูหมิ่น ส่อเสียด ให้ร้ายผู้อื่นในทางเสียหาย หรือสร้างความแตกแยกในสังคม กับทั้งไม่มีภาพ วิดีโอคลิป หรือถ้อยคำลามก อนาจาร
3. ความขัดแย้งส่วนตัวที่เกิดจากการเขียนเรื่อง แสดงความคิดเห็น หรือในกล่องรับส่งข้อความ (หลังไมค์) ต้องไม่นำมาโพสหรือขยายความต่อในบล็อก และการโพสเรื่องส่วนตัว และการแสดงความคิดเห็น ต้องใช้ภาษาที่สุภาพเท่านั้น
4. พิจารณาเนื้อหาที่จะโพสก่อนเผยแพร่ให้รอบคอบ ว่าจะไม่เป็นการละเมิดกฎหมายใดใด และปิดคอมเมนต์หากจำเป็นโดยเฉพาะเรื่องที่มีเนื้อหาพาดพิงสถาบัน
5.การนำเรื่อง ภาพ หรือคลิปวิดีโอ ที่มิใช่ของตนเองมาลงในบล็อก ควรอ้างอิงแหล่งที่มา และ หลีกเลี่ยงการเผยแพร่สิ่งที่ละเมิดลิขสิทธิ์ ไม่ว่าจะเป็นรูปแบบหรือวิธีการใดก็ตาม 6. เนื้อหาและความคิดเห็นในบล็อก ไม่เกี่ยวข้องกับทีมงานผู้ดำเนินการจัดทำเว็บไซต์ โดยถือเป็นความรับผิดชอบทางกฎหมายเป็นการส่วนตัวของสมาชิก
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OKnation ขอสงวนสิทธิ์ในการปิดบล็อก ลบเนื้อหาและความคิดเห็น ที่ขัดต่อความดังกล่าวข้างต้น โดยไม่ต้องชี้แจงเหตุผลใดๆ ต่อเจ้าของบล็อกและเจ้าของความคิดเห็นนั้นๆ
   

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