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         Let's go on to English Learning in a group together. Agree with me as ever, please.

 

FRANCE 24 English – LIVE – International Breaking News & Top stories - 24/7 stream https://youtu.be/is6Mv1U2hvw


 

 

 

 

 

US Drugmaker Begins Late Stage COVID-19 Antibodies Trial

July 06, 2020
A man has his finger pricked during a clinical trial of tests for the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) antibodies, at Keele University, in Keele, Britain June 30, 2020. (REUTERS/Carl Recine)
A man has his finger pricked during a clinical trial of tests for the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) antibodies, at Keele University, in Keele, Britain June 30, 2020. (REUTERS/Carl Recine)
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From VOA Learning English, this is the Health and Lifestyle report.

Drug-maker Regeneron Pharmaceuticals announced on Monday it has started late stage human testing of an antibody treatment for COVID-19. It said the tests are designed to show the drug’s effectiveness in preventing and treating the disease.

Regeneron is launching one of the drug trials jointly with the U.S. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID). The company said the goal is to test the drug’s ability to prevent infections in persons who have had close contact with a COVID-19 patient.

Regeneron said it hopes the late-stage drug trial will involve about 2,000 patients across the United States.

George D. Yancopoulos is a co-founder and president of the New York-based company. He said in a statement, "We are running simultaneous adaptive trials in order to move as quickly as possible to provide a potential solution to prevent and treat COVID-19 infections, even in the midst of an ongoing global pandemic.”

Yancopoulos noted that the antibody treatment “could be available much sooner than a vaccine."

Regeneron is holding two separate late stage trials following a positive review from an independent group of REGN-COV2 Phase 1 safety results. The earlier tests involved 30 hospitalized and non-hospitalized patients with COVID-19.

The company said the late-stage Phase 3 prevention trial will take place at about 100 testing centers in the U.S. The aim of the trial is to examine SARS-CoV-2 infection status. SARS-CoV-2 is the virus that cause COVID-19 disease.

The other Phase 2 and 3 treatment trials are planned across 150 sites in the U.S., Brazil, Mexico and Chile. The trials will include over 1,800 hospitalized and 1,000 non-hospitalized patients.

An EMT matches the number on a tube to the number of samples during a COVID-19 antibody test drive at the Abyssinian Baptist Church, May 14, 2020, in New York. (AP Photo/Mary Altaffer)
An EMT matches the number on a tube to the number of samples during a COVID-19 antibody test drive at the Abyssinian Baptist Church, May 14, 2020, in New York. (AP Photo/Mary Altaffer)


Antibodies are chemical molecules. The body’s natural defenses produce antibodies to fight off infection.

The U.S. National Institutes of Health notes that some researchers are testing whether antibodies against COVID-19 could be used as a treatment to others who are infected. Others are studying the structure and work of different antibodies to help guide the development of vaccines.

There are concerns that the novel coronavirus can change in humans and resist the antibodies.

Regeneron’s REGN-COV2 treatment combines a “genetically-modified” antibody made by the company and a second antibody from recovered COVID-19 patients.

The treatment is designed to connect the antibodies to the virus that causes COVID-19 and limit its ability to spread in an infected person. This idea has previously been used to develop drugs to treat other viruses such as HIV, the cause of AIDS.

Yancopoulos noted last month that “individual antibodies, no matter how good, are likely not enough against the devastating virus that causes COVID-19 and the ways it seeks to 'escape' being neutralized.”

The results of the REGN-COV2 study were published June 15 in Science.

Other drug-makers have begun human trials of their experimental treatments for fighting COVID-19. The companies include Gilead Sciences, Eli Lilly, and AbbVie.

And that's the Health and Lifestyle report.

I'm Anna Matteo.

 

Hai Do wrote this story for Learning English with information from Regeneron, Science and National Institutes of Health. George Grow was the editor.

Quiz - US Drugmaker Begins Late Stage COVID-19 Antibodies Trial

Quiz - US Drugmaker Begins Late Stage COVID-19 Antibodies Trial

Start the Quiz to find out

 

________________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

simultaneous - adj. happening at the same time

global - adj. involving the entire world

pandemic - n. an occurrence in which a disease spreads very quickly and affects a large number of people over a wide area

positive - adj. good or useful

review - n. examination or inspection

status - n. a current state of something

devastating - adj. causing great harm or damage

...................................................

 

6 Minute English

INTERMEDIATE LEVEL

Millennials and business

EPISODE 200625 / 25 JUN 2020

Introduction

It seems the millennial generation are attracted to starting their own businesses and it's not just about making money, but also about passion and doing good. Rob and Sam discuss why the millennial generation are dissatisfied with the old ways of doing things and how they're trying to make the world a better place. Plus they'll teach you some related vocabulary along the way.

This week's question 

In 2006 Muhammad Yunus won the Nobel Peace Prize, but what for? Was it for:

a) offering microfinance to low-income businesses,

b) starting the first business to earn £1m in under a week,  or

c) developing a progressive model of taxation.

Listen to the programme to find out the answer. 

Vocabulary 

entrepreneur
someone who starts their own business, especially after seeing a new opportunity

crowdfunding
getting the funding for a new business by asking a large number of people to give small amounts of money, usually via the internet

start-ups
newly formed businesses intended to grow rapidly by providing for a particular market gap

corrupt
acting in morally wrong ways, especially acting illegally in return for money or power

collective effort
a group of people acting together to achieve a common goal

quality of life
level of satisfaction and comfort that a person or group enjoys 

Transcript 

Note: This is not a word-for-word transcript    

Rob
Hello. This is 6 Minute English from BBC Learning English. I’m Rob.

Sam
And I’m Sam.

Rob
Have you got a ‘business brain’, Sam? Would you like to start your own business?

Sam
It sounds good, Rob. I like the idea of being my own boss.

Rob
Well, that’s the dream for many millennials - the name given to the current generation of young people aged between 24 and 38.

Sam
Some of the millennial generation are dissatisfied with the old ways of doing things, for example how big business uses data from social media and the negative impact of companies on society and the environment.

Rob
In today’s programme, we’ll look at why millennials are so attracted to starting their own businesses and asking whether this really is the way to make the world a better place.

Sam
And of course, we’ll be learning some new vocabulary on the way.

Rob
But first, it’s time for today’s quiz question. At 79 years old, Muhammad Yunus is hardly a millennial but he’s a hero to many young business people. In 2006 he won the Nobel Peace Prize, but what for? Was it for:

a) offering microfinance to low-income businesses,

b) starting the first business to earn £1m in under a week,  or

c) developing a progressive model of taxation

Sam
Hmmm, I know millennials like starting businesses so I’ll say, b) earning £1 million in under a week.

Rob
OK. We’ll find out the later if you were right. Now, whether it’s TV shows like ‘The Apprentice’ or the big success of companies in California’s Silicon Valley, the last decade saw a huge growth in 20 and 30-year-olds starting their own businesses. BBC World Service programme The Why Factor asked business professor, Ethan Mollick to explain how this situation came about…

Ethan Mollick
There’s all these platforms that let you built entrepreneureal ventures much more easily. The growth of things like crowdfunding have helped make entrepreneurship more accessible, led to tons of new start-ups. So there’s a lot of new methods for launching businesses and the cost of launching new businesses dropped at the same time.

Rob
Ethan lists some of the reasons why it’s now easier to become an entrepreneur - someone who starts their own business, often after seeing a new opportunity.

Sam
Entrepreneurs see opportunities for products and services not being supplied by existing companies, so they create start-ups - newly formed businesses intended to grow rapidly by providing for a particular market gap.

Rob
One of the main problem to starting up your own business used to be getting the large amounts of money needed, but nowadays this can be solved with crowdfunding - getting the funding for a new business by asking a large number of people to give small amounts of money, usually via the internet.

Sam
But while start-up success stories have made going into business a good option, for many millennials it’s not just about making money but also about being socially responsible and doing good. However, others argue that most big changes for the better have come from governments not millennial businesses. Here, former World Bank economist Charles Kenny cautions against overemphasising individual business over governments…

Charles Kenny
If you are working in a place with a corrupt and inefficient government, one of the best ways you can push development in your country is to try and make that problem a little bit better. It’s not something that any one individual can do, it has to be a collective effort, but the more we have young, committed, smart people who want to make the world a better place working in government, the more likely government is to start delivering the kind of services we need in order to ensure a high quality of life in that country.

Rob
So, Charles mentions the problem that governments can be corrupt - act in morally wrong or illegal ways, often in return for money or power.

Sam
The talent and passion that millennials put into starting their own business could instead be used to improve governments through collective effort - a group of people acting together to achieve a common goal.

Rob
It’s this working together than can raise people’s quality of life – level of personal satisfaction and comfort.

Sam
Something that Muhammad Yunus was doing.

Rob
Ah yes, that’s today’s quiz question. I asked you why Muhammad Yunus won the Nobel Prize in 2006.

Sam
I said that, b) he started the first business to earn £1m in under a week.

Rob
But in fact it was a) offering microfinance to low-income businesses – a way for anyone, rich or poor, to run a business in a positive way.

Sam
Today, we’ve been talking about why young people in the millennial generation want to be entrepreneurs – people who start their own business.

Rob
Many millennials create start-ups - newly formed businesses intended to grow rapidly using a method called crowdfunding - getting the funding for their new business by asking large numbers of people on the internet to each give a little bit of money.

Sam
But it’s not only about making profits. Millennials start-ups can help solve many of the developing world’s problems, instead of governments which may be corrupt - acting immorally or illegally for money or power.

Rob
What’s needed more than individual businessmen and women is collective effort - a group of people acting together to achieve a common goal.

Sam
And one important goal is to improve the quality of life – the level of satisfaction and comfort that a person or group enjoys.

Rob
That’s all from us today. But remember to join us again soon for more topical discussion and vocabulary. Bye for now!

Sam
Bye!

 ............................................................

 

 

 

 

 

Jul 07. 2020
Facebook Twitter

By THE NATION

Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha has instructed the Department of Rural Roads to improve the structure of Phra Phuttha Yodfa Bridge (Memorial Bridge) so it can be used to facilitate water logistics and become one of Bangkok’s landmarks, director-general Pathom Chaloeywares said.

Trucks used the old bridge as a main route in the past before its structure weakened owing to the weight of the vehicles.

Pathom said the department has already hired advisers from Thammasat University’s Research and Consultancy Institute to conduct a study. They commenced research on May 28. The study, which is expected to be wrapped up by March 23, 2021, will involve checking the damage and estimating how to improve and lift the bridge again, besides offering guidelines.

The iconic bridge is expected to be ready and open in 2023.

 

The department this fiscal year has several projects, including constructing a connection road between Nakorn In Road and Salaya Road. The department is also studying a plan to link Koh Lanta in Krabi province to nearby areas.

 

.......................................................

 

The Board of Investment (BOI) and the Joint Foreign Chambers of Commerce in Thailand (JFCCT)

 

Jul 02. 2020

 

Facebook Twitter

 

 

 

The Board of Investment (BOI) and the Joint Foreign Chambers of Commerce in Thailand (JFCCT) invite you to join a special webinar entitled "Support Measures for Economic Recovery" during which

 

Ms. Duangjai Asawachintachit, Secretary General of the BOI, Dr. Charl Kengchon, Executive Chairman of Kasikorn Research Center (representing the Thai Bankers' Association), and a senior representative from the Ministry of Finance will detail the announced measures and explain how they will help businesses to get back on the road to recovery.

 

The webinar will be on Wednesday, August 5th at 13.30 – 14.30 hrs. (Bangkok time) 

 

Registration:

 

https://zoom.us/webinar/register/WN_2VE3KmfzT96FZ-Vc_a9drg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

...........................................................

Complete Finished

Tuesday, July 7, 2020

 


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