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วันพฤหัสบดี ที่ 7 พฤศจิกายน 2562
Posted by นายยั้งคิด , ผู้อ่าน : 183 , 09:34:37 น.  
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โหวต 1 คน wullopp โหวตเรื่องนี้

 Do you remember the past of news: Thai King Creates Camp for Unity Training?

It descript that;
Thousands of Thai government workers, police and teachers are being sent to a military camp for training in community service and loyalty to Thailand’s King.

The result nowadays is it had many volunteers in countrywide.

Many thanks to Google Translate together with G Grammarly as ever.

A group tour from Thailand included my daughter and granddaughter, in Vietnam a few days ago.

 

FRANCE 24 English – LIVE – International Breaking News & Top stories - 24/7 stream

https://youtu.be/0fKyrdQ15gs

 

...........................................................

Thai King Creates Camp for Unity Training

3 hours ago

Thai officials pay respect next to a picture of Thailand's King Maha Vajiralongkorn outside the Grand Palace in Bangkok, Thailand, July 28, 2019. Picture taken July 28, 2019. REUTERS/Athit Perawongmetha
Thai officials pay respect next to a picture of Thailand's King Maha Vajiralongkorn outside the Grand Palace in Bangkok, Thailand, July 28, 2019. Picture taken July 28, 2019. REUTERS/Athit Perawongmetha
 
Thai King Creates Camp for Unity Training
 

Thousands of Thai government workers, police and teachers are being sent to a military camp for training in community service and loyalty to Thailand’s King.

The Reuters news agency talked to trainees, organizers and an official in the Prime Minister’s office about the training program. They said it was established last year.

The program shows how King Maha Vajiralongkorn is influencing the country’s government and society more than any Thai ruler since 1932, experts said. That was the year in which Thailand’s absolute monarchy ended.

Seven workers who completed the Volunteer Spirit 904 training told Reuters they woke up before sunrise to exercise. They also lined up to work on military salutes before classes on the history of Thai kings and training for community service.

The training lasts from 15 days to six weeks. Those completing the program are named “Officials in His Majesty’s Service” and told to work to help the monarchy. Their efforts are followed through messaging apps, the graduates said.

An official at the Prime Minister’s office, Theerapat Prayurasuddhi, coordinates the 904 classes. The Royal Palace directed all questions to his office.

“The King has the royal policy to create unity among the people,” Theerapat said. “Then everything will lead to the people’s happiness and a secure nation.”

About 3,000 people have completed the classes, he said, adding that the program was “voluntary.”

The palace website says the program hopes to create a group of people to “develop and defend the country and create people who are loyal to the monarchy.”

The King is creating public devotion in a way that Thais have not seen since the end of the absolute monarchy, said Joshua Kurlantzick. He is with the Council on Foreign Relations, based in the United States.

King Vajiralongkorn is a career military officer. The training is directed by officials linked to the palace and military officers, graduates, a teacher and an organizer told Reuters.

Not many details about the program have been made public. It is linked to another government-led program called “Volunteer Spirit,” which has six million members.

Classes are held at the headquarters of a military regiment recently put under the king’s command.

Graduates told Reuters one of the main ideas of the program is that the monarchy is the best solution to Thailand’s problems.

Thailand is politically divided between military-royalist conservatives and supporters of populist political parties.

Over the past 15 years, Thailand has had violent political protests and two times, in 2006 and 2014, the military ousted the elected government. All political parties have expressed support for the monarchy.

Sinchai Chaojaroenrat has written books on Thai culture and religions. He says the 904 program is part of an effort to unite the monarchy with “every government agency.”

Thailand is a constitutional monarchy, but the King has a lot of power. Vajiralongkorn has shown his power in several ways, say people who closely watch his public actions.

The King personally controls the monarchy’s wealth, estimated to be about $30 billion. Last month, he took command of two Bangkok-based army units.

Since they were started, the 904 courses have been expanded from palace officials, soldiers, police and government workers to university teachers and even students.

I’m Susan Shand.

The Reuters news agency reported this story. Susan Shand adapted it for VOA Learning English. George Grow was the editor.

We want to hear from you. Write to us in the Comments section, and visit our Facebook page.

_____________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

absolute – adj. having no restrictions

monarchy – n. a nation or state governed by a single person or family

salute – v. to show respect in the military by raising one’s hand to the forehead

app – n. short for application, a software program loaded on an electronic device

graduate – n. someone who has successfully completed a class or training program

coordinate – v. to work with or negotiate with others

royal – adj. belonging to or involving a ruler or ruling family

palace – n. the official home of an ruler or high official

devotion – n. love and support for an idea or individual

........................................................

November 6, 2019

November 06, 2019
A look at the best news photos from around the world.

Military honor guards attend a welcome ceremony of French President Emmanuel Macron at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing.
1Military honor guards attend a welcome ceremony of French President Emmanuel Macron at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing.
Camels walk along a road to the Pushkar Camel Fair in Pushkar, in the western state of Rajasthan, India.
2Camels walk along a road to the Pushkar Camel Fair in Pushkar, in the western state of Rajasthan, India.
Relatives of killed members of Mexican-American families belonging to Mormon communities observe the burned remains of a vehicle where some of their relatives were killed, in Bavispe, Sonora state, Mexico, Nov. 5, 2019.
3Relatives of killed members of Mexican-American families belonging to Mormon communities observe the burned remains of a vehicle where some of their relatives were killed, in Bavispe, Sonora state, Mexico, Nov. 5, 2019.
Workers harvest saffron flowers in a field in Herat province, Afghanistan.
4Workers harvest saffron flowers in a field in Herat province, Afghanistan.
Demonstrators are sprayed with a police water cannon during an anti-government protest in Santiago, Chile, Nov. 5, 2019.
5Demonstrators are sprayed with a police water cannon during an anti-government protest in Santiago, Chile, Nov. 5, 2019.
Syrian government soldiers ride in the back of a truck with national flags past people sitting in a field with harvested aubergines, as government forces deploy for the first time in the eastern countryside of the city of Qamishli in the northeastern Hasakah province, Nov. 5, 2019.
6Syrian government soldiers ride in the back of a truck with national flags past people sitting in a field with harvested aubergines, as government forces deploy for the first time in the eastern countryside of the city of Qamishli in the northeastern Hasakah province, Nov. 5, 2019.
A newborn giraffe is seen inside its enclosure at Liberec Zoo in Liberec, Czech Republic.
7A newborn giraffe is seen inside its enclosure at Liberec Zoo in Liberec, Czech Republic.
A river barge goes down a canal surrounded by autumn leaves, in Havrincourt, France.
8A river barge goes down a canal surrounded by autumn leaves, in Havrincourt, France.

Load more

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6 Minute English

INTERMEDIATE LEVEL

Snowflakes and taking offence

EPISODE 180920 / 20 SEP 2018

The word snowflake has taken on a new meaning in recent years. These days it's used as an insult. It's used to criticise people or groups that are seen to be very easily offended or upset by things that others say. Rob and Neil discuss what it takes to be offended in just 6 minutes!

This week's question:

In which year was snowflake one of Collins Dictionary's words of the year? Was it…
a) 1996
b) 2006
c) 2016

Listen to the programme to find out the answer.

Vocabulary 

offensive
(something) rude, insulting and makes people feel hurt and upset

take offence
get upset or angry by something thought to be rude or insulting

snowflake
person who gets offended too easily and unnecessarily

invoke
use (something) to support your point or explain your action

call something out
challenge, highlight and look for justification for something

taboo
something that society says is offensive and shocking

Transcript

Note: This is not a word for word transcript

Neil
Hello. Welcome to 6 Minute English, I'm Neil.

Rob
And I'm Rob.

Neil
Rob, would you say that were a snowflake?

Rob
Wow, I can't believe you said that, that's so offensive. How could you be so rude?

Neil
So I guess that's a yes then? Sorry, I only asked.

Rob
Don't worry, I wasn't really upset, I just wanted to demonstrate the meaning of the word. The word snowflake has taken on a new meaning in recent years. These days it's used as an insult. It's used to criticise people or groups that are seen to be very easily offended or upset by things that others say.

Neil
There is usually a political side to it too, isn't there?

Rob
Yes, people who use the word snowflake tend to be from the political right and they usually use it about those on the political left, particularly millennials - young, socially aware adults.

Neil
Well we'll explore this topic in more detail shortly, but first a quiz question. In which year was snowflake one of Collins Dictionary's words of the year? Was it…

a)    1996

b)    2006

c)    2016

Rob
Well, we said it's quite a recent word so I'm going for c) 2016.

Neil
Well, we'll find out if you're right later on in the programme. The topic of offence is a very complicated one. First what do we mean by offence Rob?

Rob
Thanks for that. That is a really difficult question. Something that is offensive is rude, insulting and makes people feel hurt and upset. What's difficult about it though is that we don't all find the same things offensive. Some people can be deliberately offensive and some people may be offensive without meaning to be.

Neil
Also, different people respond to offence in different ways - some accept it as the price of free speech and some try to stop the people they think are offensive from saying the things they do.

Rob
These terms come up quite a lot in discussions about equality, race, religion and of course, politics.

Neil
The topic was discussed in detail in the BBC Radio programme Sweet Reason. Evan Davis presented the programme and here is the first part of his summary of the discussion. What does he say is the reason some people talk about offence?

Evan Davis
First, on occasion, people probably do invoke offence when really they just have a political disagreement and on occasion groups that suffer discrimination or exclusion perhaps find it exhilarating or uniting to call out that discrimination.

Neil
He says that some people take offence when it's just a political disagreement. He says they invoke offence.

Rob
If you invoke something it means that you use it to support your point or explain your action. So to invoke offence is to say that we are acting this way because we are offended by what you have said, although the offence may only be a political difference rather than something truly offensive.

Neil
Davis goes on to say that groups that do suffer from discrimination may get some feelings of unity when they call out discrimination. They feel more together when they publicise and highlight the discrimination they have experienced. Even though some offence that is taken may not be genuine, that doesn't mean people don't have a right to be offended. Here's Evan Davis again.

Evan Davis
Where the so-called snowflakes surely have a point is this, societies are entitled to make certain things taboo and the millennials use of the word offensive is simply designed to say some views are not just wrong they are in a special category of wrong.

Rob
His point here is that societies can decide that certain things are taboo. In this context something that is taboo is something that is regarded by society as being shocking and offensive and that it is OK for people to be offended by these things.

Neil
And I think the point he makes is a good one. The word snowflake is usually used as an insult - but some people may feel proud to be a snowflake because it means they are standing up for a particular standard, they have a level of decency and social responsibility that is higher than that of those who are calling them snowflakes.

Rob
Well I hope we haven't caused any offence today. Before we review the vocabulary, can we have the answer to today's question Neil?

Neil
Of course, I asked in which year was snowflake one of Collins Dictionary's words of the year? Was it…

a)    1996

b)    2006

c)    2016

Rob
And I said c) 2016. It's got to be right!

Neil
Well, do you want to hear the story? Interestingly the term was coined in 1996 in the book Fight Club, but it was in 2016 that it was one of the dictionary's words of the year. Now let's review our words of the day. First there is offence.

Rob
People can take offence and be offended by something that is offensive. Something that is offensive could be rude, insulting and shocking. It might take the form of humiliation or discrimination against a person or group.

Neil
The term snowflake is a word used by some people to talk about other people who they think get offended too easily and unnecessarily. They don't want to change their language or ideas just because snowflakes get upset. Then we had the word invoke. If you invoke something you use it as a reason to explain your actions and feelings

Rob
To call something out is to challenge it, to highlight it and look for justification.

Neil
And finally we have taboo. Something that society says is offensive and shocking. So there we have it. What do you think Rob of this topic.

Rob
Well it is a very difficult subject, particularly when it comes to politics, religion and society. Free speech is good but at times, particularly on social media, I think can be unnecessarily unpleasant.

Neil
Well, try not to be offended but it is time for us to leave you for this programme. Do join us next time. Remember you can find us on Instagram, Facebook, Twitter, YouTube and of course our website bbclearningenglish.com. And of course, we have a new app which you can find on our website. It's free and it's brilliant isn't it Rob?

Rob
Absolutely!

Neil
See you soon, bye.

Rob
Bye!

.................................................................

 

 

A world of music at our doorstep

Nov 06. 2019
Thailand Philharmonic Orchestra is returning for its fifteenth season to Prince Mahidol Hall, Mahidol University this month.
Thailand Philharmonic Orchestra is returning for its fifteenth season to Prince Mahidol Hall, Mahidol University this month.

Facebook Twitter

By Kitchana Lersakvanitchakul
Special to The Nation

1,211 Viewed

The Thailand Philharmonic Orchestra kicks off its 2020 season this weekend with a new work by Narong Prangcharoen

Thailand Philharmonic Orchestra, which has been a significant force in Bangkok's musical and cultural scenes since its initiation in 2005, scored a first recently when the presale tickets for "Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone in Concert" sold out within 5 minutes and the rest of the seats were snapped up in just half an hour.

"It is a surprising phenomenon and I'm not sure any orchestra has sold so many tickets for a performance in such a short time," said Dr Narong Prangcharoen, dean of the College of Music, Mahidol University, during Monday's press conference to launch the TPO's 15th season at Arnoma Grand Bangkok Hotel.

"It is one of programmes we have chosen to ensure our orchestra serves people from all walks of life."

Dr Narong Prangcharoen, right, poses with Khunying Patama Leesawatrakul, centre, chair of the board of Thailand Philharmonic Orchestra, and Prof Banjong Mahaisawariya, acting president of Mahidol University.

And indeed in this new season, Thailand Philharmonic Orchestra – one of three professional orchestras in Southeast Asia, the other two being the Singapore Symphony Orchestra and the Malaysian Philharmonic Orchestra – is continuing to push orchestral music forward and explore new possibilities, new music, new combinations and new horizons.

"New horizons, in particular, is our theme for this 15th season as we work to build a bigger and better fan base around our classical music," he adds.

True to the theme, the new season kicks off this weekend (November 8-9) with "New Horizons" composed by Narong Prangcharoen which premiered at the Beijing Modern Music Festival earlier this year.

Also on the programme is Gustav Mahler's "Symphony No 6" featuring an ingenious use of percussion instruments evoking the composer's idyllic love for nature. Maestro Alfonso Scarano conducts

 

Air quality poor in 10 Bangkok districts

Nov 05. 2019
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By The Nation

2,458 Viewed

The Environment Department of the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (BMA) reported on Tuesday (November 5) at 8am that the PM 2.5 dust particle value had exceeded the standard in ten districts of Bangkok.
 

According to the report of Air Quality Monitoring Station, the average value of PM 2.5 dust particle in the last 24 hours was 37-64 micrograms per cubic metre.

The value exceeded the standard in 10 Bangkok districts, namely Wang Thonglang, Pathum Wan, Sathon, Bang Kho Laem, Khlong San, Phasi Charoen, Bang Sue, Lak Si, Bang Khen, and Bang Phlat.

The air quality index of the Air Quality Monitoring Station gave air quality level at medium quality to beginning to affect health.

The department warned people to monitor their health. Anyone suffering such symptoms as coughing, difficulty breathing or eye irritation should reduce the duration of outdoor activities or use protective masks.

 ..............................................................
 
FINISHED 
 
November 7, 2019
 
 


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