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Posted by ravio , ҹ : 277 , 11:50:29 .  
Ǵ :

˹ҹ
ǵ 1 ʹ ǵͧ

 
ͧͧ Armada ͧ Spain  8 ԧҤt 1588   Philip James de Loutherbourg 1796
 
 
ؤͧͷҧҨҡ
ѵŢ˹觢ͧ١

ظ˴йҡ͹Ҩ
ѡѹ㹪ǧʧͨͧ͢ѵ

ظҹ١ءԡªǡաҳ
蹤 èشͽ¢ͧͧ
ͨʴصԴ俻ѹԹҧʹ
ҡͧѵ
俴ѧǨѵҧǴҧҡ

ȵɷ 7 ǡա鹾
naphtha ͼѺ  quicklime
еԴҧعçʡѺ
йظԧáͧš
Ъǡաª㹡ҧ

˹㹡õ
СäԴ鹴Թ׹ѡҾ
㹡÷ҧͧظҹ
§ͧ
㹡èشҡͧ֡͢ͷ·
ѧԴ·͡ẺѴԴѺ
ҷ¡ͧҡش
¡èشԴӹǹҡԴҧعç


 

㹪ǧĴ˹ǻ 1585
Antwerp ١Դ¡ͧѾͧ Alexander Farnese
ѭҡáͧѾ Habsburg Spanish Netherlands
(Ѫµͧ鹢ͧ໭ҡ͹)
ҧоҹ Scheldt
ҧ Antwerp Ѻ
еͧЪҡʹҡӹ

ͷ¡ûԴҡͧѾ໭
Ǵѵҧǡ÷êԵժ Federigo Giambelli
ժ§ҧҡҹҧԷʵҹҧ
Federigo Giambelli ѭ
зоҹŧ
ТǴѪͺԹҢҴ˭ 3
觤Ѵ͡ҡͧѾͧͧ͢ Antwerp

Ӣͧ͢ Federigo Giambelli ١ʸ
֧ͧ͢Ҵ 2 Ӫ Fortuyn Hoop
Federigo Giambelli ֡˹
Ѻ˹(˹)ͧǴѵ㹪ǧҴѧ
ǡѹ
Federigo Giambelli  ѧ蹵
ШѴʴѧظԧ/俹á
ҨѺѾҡҧӡѴ


 

 
оҹ¹˹ Scheldt ١ҧͻԴǧʧԧͧ Antwerp
 
 

Federigo Giambelli ¹ͷ 2
Դԧ˭شûؤ
ҷ¾繡ѹҡ͹ҹ
ҹ¡ѹ hellburners 俹á
ͧ÷ءԹҢͧ
ҹҧ  ;ѡ բҴ 42 ص ҧ 16ص
ҧ԰лٹ  ռѧ˹ 5 ص
㹺èش´Թ׹سҾ٧ӹǹ 3 ѹ
ҡ鹻Դ֡ҹ͹ѧ
ҡԹȾҷ١֡µС
dzҹͧ;ѡ 㹾鹷ҧͺ
仴Թ դ
ͷ˹ҷ繡عѧ
Ǣͧҧ麹Ҵ
Ǿҧʹ͹Թҷ

 Fortuyn աҹǹشԴǧ
ªǹҧ еͧ
شԴѧҡ֧ҷ˹

ǹ Hoop ͧͨشԴѹ·شؤ
Ѵ෤շȨҡ
Federigo  Giambelli ҧԡ Antwerp
ҧԡҨѺẺԧ
(Ѻ͹ͧҹԡ)
ǡҡѺ䡻׹Һҷ
¨зӡԧШشԹ׹è
ҷ˹ҧ
йԴҤáš


 
俹á Antwerp 㹻 1585 ǧҧءҹѰ觹
 

Federigo Giambelli ἹطԸաú
¡俨ӹǹ 30 ǧ˹仡͹
§ẹʹ㨨ҡͧѾ໭
Ǥ Fortuyn Hoop 蹵仨Ѻоҹ

㹤׹ѹӡѹ 4 ¹ .. 1585
ѭҡáͧѾͷѺԴͺú
ԴѺʹѺطԸաúͧ Federigo Giambelli
俷ء͡仾 ѹ
俹á 2 Fortuyn Hoop

俹á Fortuyn ºӡ͹֧оҹ
͹ԴҵǹشԴǧ
ҧ§硹¡ѺͧѾ໭
俹á Hoop 蹵ç价оҹ ǡᷡҧعç
Դҷӧҹ
ԴԴҧعçйҡ㹵͹ҧ׹
໭ӹǹ 800 ªԵѹ

çҧоҹǹ˭仴çԴ
Ѻҵ  Դ»Ⱦ
ԴԹ ǡѺ դ  
ᵡШ»͹Ѻҹ鹢仺ͧ
ǻ͹ŧҨҡҡҵѧա
ҹ͹ӹǹѧ
ҧ͡Ѻ
ҡԴѧ㹤駹
§Դѧ件֧ 35
餹㨵蹢㹤׹ѹ

Դ駹ѴԴ
ҹҾԴ˭ش
褹ҧáš

Federigo Giambelli ѧҡѺҧѪ
ѧ
ҧ觵ҧ Ҫӹѡѧ
ҡ  ǴѺԧͧ
͡Ẻǧ¹/ѧͧ 
Ǩ͡Ẻҡ Plymouth Hoe
ªԵѧҵ

 
 
˹㹻ҡ/ú ͧ Giambelli Carisbrook Castle ҧǧ 1597 - 1600

Դѧҡ鹡ҧ
աùա㹪ǧʧš駷 1
ǡѧԴҡ 450,000 š
ͷǵѺ/ʹТͧͧѾѹ

ѡѵʵ÷ Robert L. O'Connell
¡俹á ظҧáͧš

Ҩлʺ㹡մ俹á
ǴѵöԴաͧѾ໭ա
ͧѾͪ໭ö鹿٢
ҧ觡մҧӨҡա
ա 4 ͹ 
Antwerp ١ѧѺӹ/

º§/

http://bit.ly/2YF6Qhy
http://bit.ly/2XsGFt3


 

 
㹪ǧʧš駷 1
ǡѧԴҡ 450,000 š
ͷǵѺ/ʹТͧͧѾѹ
աèشԴ١ҡ
ԴӤѭشԴҡԹ
ԴҴ 24,000 šش˹
աش˹觢Ҵ 32,000 š Caterpillar
Դش˹觽ѧԹ
ѧɢش֡ 27 èҡдѺ鹴Թ
Դͧ١¾鹷ǹ˭ͧ
зѹյ٭ҡ 10,000
 
ѧաýѧԴҴ 41,000 šա١˹
ͨشԴҷѧɨӹǹ˹
ҧҡشԴõкҴ纨ӹǹ˹
çԴҧͧ俢Ҵ鹼ٹҧ
ҳ 75 (250 ص) ֡ 12 (40 ص)
  ͧⴴ   йѹآ
 
駹ѧաèشԴҴ 39,400 š
ԴҴ  41,000 š
ҧͧաӹǹ 2 ͧ
еԴա١ҵ
ҧͧ俢ҴҾѴҧ
 
 


 
1.
 
Graphics by BBC


2.
 
Դ Spanbroekmolen ͧⴴ йѹآ  Credit: Eric Huybrechts/Flickr

3.
 
ҾѴҧҧҵҡԴͧش Messines Ridge

4.


5.


6.


7.
 
Դ The Caterpillar crater Photo credit: ViennaUK/Wikimedia

8.
 
Դ Factory Farm Crater Photo credit: Arthur Jordan/Flickr

9.
 
Դ The crater of the Peckham mine

10.
 
ѧ ѺšзҡԴ ʹ German Messines Ridge 
7 Զع 1917 Photo credit: Imperial War Museum

11.
 
÷ҧ Oosttaverne Wood ʹТͧѧ
ǧʧ  Battle of Messines Ridge  11 Զع¹ 1917  Credit : Imperial War Museum

12.




ͧ


͹ҡǧѹ
͹Ѻ价ʶһѵ¡չҳ
оͧǧ (Թ ͧ)
ҹͧչѡҧҧѹ(˹ )
ź蹷¨ҡطŷ⡺
ѡоѴҨҡȾѾ
Сҧȷҧش/ѡԳ
Сѡ纤͹㹺ҹ԰/Թ˹/͹Թ
觨зͺӤ׹ҡҺҹ

ǹҹ͹ҧ¡͹
ҧҹҧѹ(ѹ͡-ѹ)
Ш(ʧᴴ§)
(ʧᴴº/ź)
仵ѡҵ÷䶹/ǹ͹
Шԧ ҡȺҹ͹
ʧᴴἴ
ЦäдѺ˹

ǹ Greeks Ъ Romans
ա͹ҡѧҹʧᴴ
㹺ҹ͹зҺҸóФá㹫աšѹ

ӹҹ֡Ѻͧ Archimedes Death Ray
Ǻʧᴴз͹
ҡäԴͧʹյ
繤ԧ
յӹҹҡͧѾչؤҳ
ҹ͢ѭµçҡŨԧ

Ũҡ÷ͧͧ MIT
öҧз͹ʧзҧҧ 100 ص (30.5 )
¡ʧͨͧ騹繼

ǹèشԧ Olympic
ͧʧᴴҹŹٹ׺͡ѹ

͹ աûѺҹ㹿 Las Vegas
¡з͹ʧᴴ价ش

13.

 
Big Solar Comes of Age

14.



Archimedes Death Ray


15. -21  ÷ͧ MIT


16.


17.


18.


19.


20.


21.

22.



ǹӹҹ طüᴧ
͡Ѻ ѧͧ ͧ͡Ѿ()
ѹ֡˵ꡢͧ Թ
պҷҡش㹡ú
ǹպҷйǹ¢ͧ͡ǹ
ռѹѴó·ҹԨó
úӹǹҡҴ
ѧ辺鹷úԧʵ
͡ҡӹҹ͡׺͡ѹ
ѺҴ͡ǹ觹ǹ¢ͧ
ͤʹءʹҹѺ蹧

ԷªǺҹؤԹṵ
Ẻ˹ѧا ˹ѧ 
ͫҹ ҹ ͧҹ
ŻԹǡкͧ͡Ǻҹͧ
Թҧʴҹͧ
ҡҪǺҹѡԴ
͡ҵӹҹ//ѵʵҧ  
ҹʴ駡÷˹ҷ
˹ɳҪǹͻЪѹԨҹͧѰ
ẺҹѡͧѡؤѨغѹ

ͧҾ/͡͹¡ѾѺ  ͧԧ
ʺ§âҴŹŶ
ѺäкҴõ
֧ͧ·Ѿͷ駡͹¡ѾѺ
жҷһҡҧ(֧͡ҡ)
ع׹ѵԧǡѧ

ͧѺ㹡֡駹
¹¶֧عǹҧҵͧ
äкҴ֧ͧ¡ѾѺ
ҨͧҤѭҡ֡ԧ




¡繼ʹͨἹѡ ֧
غ俢ͧ¡·Ѿ⩾Ѻ
ѧҡ鹨һշѾ⩷ᵡ
нһ¡Ѿִͧࡧ
ǹٻͧͧࡧ
觷ùҡ ẺԴ
¡繾ǡ͵лҡ
ش¡Ѻ Ժͧͧ͡عǹ
١ѴǷͧ١(ǹ)ѧ١Ѻ

 ǹ٢Ѻ һШӡ¢ͧ
ع֡觡Ҩúç
Ҵⴹ˹ (һ) ǹ ѧ

Ҷ١١ͧȨѺ
êԵСͧ
͡繤ͤ
Ẻʶ(Ǫ/ʹ) ˭ԧ
觨ԧ ҡҡ
㨤ѵͧ
ҧҾҷӵʹ
¹һ餹ʹǹ˹觴

ǹ ҧ¹ 
鵡͹
ӹҹ׺͡ѹ
ҧ¹յǵԧѹ֡ͧԹ
§͡ǹ觢

ͺǹѧ
ѧҡǹٵж١Ѵ
Թʹ㹷ش
зѹ֡㹻ѵʵͧԹ к
仾Ѻ͹١Ѻ

¾ѹ 
Ҩ¾ѹ Akhal-Teke
˧Եǹ ҡͧ Ferghana ثມʶҹ
ѡɳТͧҡó
Ѻúѹ֡ ᴧԧ ٧ 8 ص ӵ 10 ص
֡öҡҾѹѹ (520 )



The legendary Akhal-teke horses




չ¡͹¡ͧ٪ ѡ/
Сѭس蹴Թ繢Ҥҧҵ(ҵԨԹ)
繹ѡúú͵ҹѵٵҧҵ/úҡ
١عҧѧԹչѡѧѧ
ͧɻêԵɰҹ

  ٻͧչ¨Ѵ¹෾
¡ҧӹҹ/͡Ѳҹҧ
ѺɳҪǹõԻѵ/ѡԷҧ
ҹҧ ú͡˹ѧ Ըաҧ ФçҼ
෾ҷúѺҧǷǵҧᴹ
෾ҷ褹չúѺչѹͧ
áѺ٫繤͡ҹ
ǡ͹ª͡ᾧͧչ

ѹѡ¶١êԵ վͧշͧ
þѡ㹵ǧѡ¹ȾͧҷӾԸսѧȾ
ҵա͹ѧȾͧѡ
ҵҺ ͧҧ

Ѩغѹ ҧѡºҺ
ʶҹͧǷҧѵʵ˹觢ͧչ
Ѻաҧٻ鹷ͧᴧԹ
餹ǹ繡ûг

ѡ Ѻ¡ͧ෾觤ѵ ҧҹҹ
зؤҪǧԧ ֧ա¹繡ǹ
˵ؼŷҧͧʹͧ
Ъ(ҹ͡ҹ) 黡ͧؤҪǧԧ
ͧ蹫繪ǹ˭ԡشó㹡õ͵ҹǡ
Чѡ¹ѵ٤鹤 ҹ͡ҹ
袳зǹШꡡվĵԡ蹹
Ӻҧѧ骹ҧ繻ª´«
Ρ ú颧駶֧ 7
.֡ķ ѹɰҹ繤ǧ(ǧ)
ٴ ѡ
Ѻǡҹ͡ҹǺ/ú
繹ѡú



ˡ˹觤駡ˡ ˡѺѹ駡ͤԧ



Paul Joseph Goebbels



ǹ鹷ʧѺԹաͺ
öִࡧ˹ͺ
֡駹 ¡Ѻԭ蹪ҧҡ

ͧѺ㹡֡駹
¹¶֧عǹҧҵͧ
äкҴ֧ͧ¡ѾѺ

͡غҸҡ袧 繫عǹ
˵ءóԴѧ֧֡ 5 (طѺ)
ͫعǹŧʹ⩷
١Ѻ֧ԴûзСѹ
㹤駹鹷ԧͫعǹ§仢ҧ֧
عǹ֧ѹҧѺ
ͶǧѺҵç͹ ͹͡Ѻ

 


ʴԴ


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