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ѹѧ 12 ԧҤ 2557
Posted by ǷǷȹ , ҹ : 2764 , 13:27:24 .  
Ǵ : ѡ

˹ҹ
ǵ 1

ö俿¡ѺþѲҾ鹷ͺʶҹբŪ

Thai Rail Transit and Transit Oriented Development

 

..ʭ ź  (駡 ҹѵԼ¹ )

(12 .. 57)

 

 

 

ҡ 15 շҹ ѺաԴԡкŪö俿á (кŪا෾ BTS ԡͻ 2542) ѧաôԹþѲҾ鹷ͺʶҹբŪ Transit oriented development (TOD) ҧԧѧҧ ͡ẺҧкŪҧҧҴҧἹͺ֧þѲͧԹҧкŪ þҡóҹâШҨ (transport modeling) ¤鹻Ѩ·ӤѭҹªԹ (land use) Ѩ´ҹ urban form urban design ԴԹҧкŪ ͵͡Թҧͧ͡ʫ繤ǹ˭ ʵ Фԡ ʹԹҧẺͧ¹ (Non-motorized transport mode - NMT) Թ Фѡҹ ҧἹ͡ẺçкŪҧҧǹ˭֧ԹẺԵǤʹҹèҨТ ¢ҴþԨóҴҹüѧͧǺѹ ҴӤѭŤҼšзԧѧ (social external cost) ֡çǹ˭ҴѧҼèԡк ͧ (๵ز , 2556; ӹѡҹºἹâШҨ, 2553; ӹѡҹºἹâШҨ & ö觻, 2552) 觧ҹԨ¨ӹǹҡҤʹѧ繨ԧҧ (Center for Transit-Oriented Development, 2010; Portland Bureau of Transportation, 2009)

 

㹻Ѩغѹ кŪö俿ࢵا෾ҹлŷԴԡ (Ҿ 1) մѧ

 

          -çö俿õ 6 ͺ Ъ Bangkok Transit System (BTS) зҧ 36.90 Сͺ 34 ʶҹ Դԡ 5 ѹҤ .. 2542

          -çö俿ҿҹ Ѫ Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) зҧ 20 18 ʶҹ ԡͻ .. 2547

          -çкŪҧöͷҡҹóʶҹҡҹͧ    Airport Rail Link and City Air Terminal project (ARL-CAT) ç÷Сͺ仴кŪö俿 2 »á (City Line) ´ǹ (Express Line) ըӹǹ 8 ʶҹ зҧ 28.60 ԴԡҧóẺ ͻ .. 2553

 

 

 

Ҿ 1 çкŪҧҧö俿ࢵا෾ҹл

: ѷ кŪا෾ ӡѴ (Ҫ), 2557

 

 

ҳСҧἹþѲ

 

          ѧҡç ARL-CAT ԴԡٻẺ͹ԧҤ 2553 ʹ 4 շҹ ӹǹ (Ridership) ҡ 2 (City Line Express Line) ѹҳ 30,000 ѹ (ѷ ö俿 ... ӡѴ, 2557) ºѺҴóҡ 50,000 ѹ (ӹѡҹºἹâШҨ & ö觻, 2552) з袺ǹ´ǹըӹǹèԧӡ 1,000 ѹ ºѺҳ 2,000 ѹ ֧Ҩӹǹӡ¶֧ 40 駹 ҡԨóʶҹյѡࡳþѲҾ鹷Ẻ TOD ҡҧἹ͡Ẻʶҹդ (ӹǹҡ 50 ͧʶҹշ) 繡ҧἹ͡ẺẺ¡ (stand-alone type) ҴúóҡáѺԹࡳ TOD ʶҹյҧ鹷դ˹蹹 ҴþѲҾ鹷ͺʶҹẺЪѺ ˹ мҹ աҶ֧дǡ (зҧԹ) ֧Ҩ觼ŵͻҳ÷ŴŧҡäҴó ҧ ʶҹҴкѧ ʶҹպҹѺҧ ʶҹҡ ʶҹѡѹ (Ҿ 2 ֧Ҿ 4) ºѺҧҧ㹻ȭ ѡþѲҾ鹷Ẻ TOD ǹҹ (Ҿ 5 Ҿ 6)

 

 

Ҿ 2 ʶҹ ARL ҹѺҧ () ʶҹ ARL ѡѹ (ҧ)

 

 

Ҿ 3 ʶҹ ARL ҡ () ʶҹ ARL Ҵкѧ (ҧ)

 

 

Ҿ 4 ʶҹ BTS ا () ʶҹ MRT ҧ (ҧ)

 

 

Ҿ 5 ʶҹö Nagasaki () ʶҹö Kyoto Rail (ҧ)

 

 

Ҿ 6 ʶҹö Sapporo () ʶҹ Tokuyama (ҧ)

 

ѡࡳþѲҾ鹷Ẻ TOD

 

Transit oriented development (TOD) ҧԧ֧þѲҾ鹷ԧ ੾СþѲٹҧоҳԪ¡dzʶҹբŪ (transit station) ͺ鹷ҧкŪ (transit corridor) 鹡͡ẺҶ֧кŪҧջԷҾ ¤ӹ֧֧ԹҧẺͧ¹ (NMT) ੾СԹ (walk mode) 400-800 ҡʶҹբŪ Сҵҡ ԹҧкŪ  TOD Ңҡâ觹Ѻطʵ˹ѺèѴػʧ;ĵԡ㹡Թҧ (Transportation demand management - TDM) (Center for Transit-Oriented Development, 2010; Litman, 2014; Victoria Transport Policy Institute, 2014) þѲҾ鹷Ẻ TOD ѡ÷Ӥѭ 4 С

 

1.   Ѻاҧ͡㹡Թҧ (Transport options)

2.   Ŵç٧ (Incentives or Disincentives)

3.   èѴôҹªԹ (Land use management)

4.   Ѻا¹ŧºç÷Ǣͧ (Policies and Programs)

 

            · ͡Ẻç TOD ͡ẺҤ˹٧ ͡ԹẺ˹٧ҡ (highly-dense and mixed land use) ٹþҳԪ¡ ʶҺѹҪ Ҥþѡ dzͺʶҹкŪ ¤˹蹨Шҧŧ;Ѳ͡ҡٹҧ͡ ͹ աѭäԹ (walking distance) ҳԹ 800 ҡٹҧþѲʶҹ 駹 ͡ẺþԨóҵࡳҧ 5 ѧ

 

1.    ٻẺþѲҤäӹ֧֧ٻẺԹҧẺ NMT Թ Тѡҹ

2.    դͧ (connectivity) Сêͤ (traffic calming) Ŵл·ҧЪͤö

3.    ͡ẺԹҧҡ Сͺ觡ԨӤѭ͡Ԩôçվ ӧҹ ʶҹ֡ ҹ ѡ ʶҺѹҪ

4.    աèѴäǺèѴҷʹö (parking management) ¡á˹ҤҤҨʹз͹繨ԧԧɰʵ ¹ŧҴ¡á˹ӹǹʹö鹵 դʹͧþѲҾ鹷Ẻ TOD 鹡кŪ ŴҷԹҧö¹ǹؤ

5.    ͡ẺʶҹըʹöŪ (transit station) ͷشö (transit stop) դдǡ ʺ лʹ շҧԹҶ֧ʶҹշҧҧҵðҹ շѹᴴ ջѭѡɳѺԹҧ ͧ觾 ͧ ͧҧ§ 繵

 

͹ ѧҨդ㨷ѺʹҧþѲҾ鹷ԴкŪ (Transit adjacent Development - TAD) СþѲҾ鹷ͺʶҹբŪ (TOD) 觡þѲҷͧẺդᵡҧѹԧ TAD 鹡þѲçѧѾԴкŪ (Դʶҹҧ) 鹡þѲẺٻẺԹҧҡ ѧ鹡Թҧö¹ѡ ТҴԹҧҡ (Mixed uses) ҡդ˹蹷ӡ TOD (Renne, 2009)

 

ػ

 

              þѲҾ鹷ͺʶҹբŪ Transit oriented development (TOD) Ѻطʵ˹觢ͧ Transport demand management 㹡úһѭҴҹèҨТҧջԷҾ ШѴ÷˵ؤ;ĵԡԹҧͧ ͧСͺҹªԹ (Land use) СͺþѲ͡Ẻ鹷ͧͪdzͺʶҹ ѵػʧѡԹҧкŪ кҧ͡蹹͡ҡö¹ 繡ҧ͡㹡Թҧ褹ǹ˭ͧѧ (֧͡) ҧѾ (outcome) ҳкŪ ҧŴþ觾ҾѧҹԧŴžɷҧҡȨҡö¹ҡԹ ŴԺͧҧȷҧ (Urban sprawl) 繪آ (Healthy communities) Ъҡշҧ͡㹡ԹҧдյآҾͧ Թ Тѡҹ

 

¡ҧԧ

 

๵ز . (2556). ֧㨢ͧԡö俿ҡҹó. Unpublished Ѵ, ԷѳԵ, ا෾ҹ.

ѷ кŪا෾ ӡѴ (Ҫ). (2557). кŪا෾ (BTS).   ͺ 8 ԧҤ 2557, from www.bts.co.th

ѷ ö俿 ... ӡѴ. (2557). Airport Rail Link.   ׺ 28 Ҥ 2557, from http://www.srtet.co.th

ӹѡҹºἹâШҨ. (2553). úèѴçкŪҧҧСèѴҧáҧ (§ҹ˹). ا෾ҹ.

ӹѡҹºἹâШҨ, & ö觻. (2552). ҹ͡Ẻ´çк觷ҧöҡҹا෾-ҡҹó (§ҹ͡ẺѺش). ا෾ҹ.

Center for Transit-Oriented Development. (2010). Performance-Based Transit-Oriented Development Typology Guidebook: Center for Transit-Oriented Development.

Litman, T. (2014). Land Use Impacts on Transport: How Land Use Factors Affect Travel Behavior. Victoria Transport Policy Institute.

Portland Bureau of Transportation. (2009). Portland Streetcar System Concept Plan: A Framework for Future Corridor Planning and Alternatives Analysis. Portland: The City of Portland Oregon.

Renne, J. (2009). From transit-adjacent to transit-oriented development. Local Environment, 14(1), 1-15.

Victoria Transport Policy Institute. (2014, June 10, 2014). Transit-Oriented Development: Using Public Transit to Create More Accessible and livable Neighborhoods. www.vtpi.org/tdm/tdm45.htm

 

ҧԧ

http://tatp.or.th/planning/todtrt.html

 

http://smartgrowthasia.com/planning/todtrt.html

 

ҹʹ ǤԴ Smarth Growth (ҧѧͧѲͧҧ׹ǷҧԺҧҭҴ) like fanpage ѺҨ駡 Facebook Ѻ http://www.facebook.com/smartgrowththailand

 

ҹͧ “͹ѧ” 駡ҹҧ (ͨѺҺ “ѧͧ” дѺš 件֧˹ѹ http://www.oknation.net/blog/smartgrowth

 

 
 
 


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