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ټ͹ͧǴ š š š

 

ѹ ͡Һ֧֡ټ˭ش㹪ԵͧҾТͧѵš
ټ͹ͧǴ š š š (the Great Teacher or the Great Master of all Gods and men)

 

ټ觡 ͡ѡɳͧط

 

   ҷ ʴ
Ѿѭ ᷧ
ҹ ú
͹Թ Ҥ رǴ


   þѵ Ѳ
ǧ ʧ ʺآ
ǧء մ
س سҤ

(ѹ觪ҵ ʺ .. )

 

      ͡ѡɳ ͧط


ҡ֡һԺѵԸ ͨػѡɳӤѭᵡҧ ѷԤ͹ ѧ

 

. ʹҷ͹ ' Ҹ ѭ' ͧ դͧ§Һǡѹ (ԡ) ֡ŧ仵ӴѺ  ҸԻѭó ˹Ǿѵäͧ 8 öѴѧªҴ

 

. 鹤㨷ء ˵觷ء Ѻ觷ء ҡǧآʾҵԴִ (Ѩ 4)
1. ҷءѺ١ءѺ
2. Фآͺ
3. ºآͺ
4. þ˵觷ء

     ҧ¡ҧ ش 2 ҧ ҹ·ءѹ Ǿѹ㹡آ

 

. ЪǺһ ѹѺá͹ ҧ Ъ شͿ͡ШԵǡФִ蹶 (ҷү 3)

 

. ͹ʵҷѹԴТ ҨԵ--лСͺ ФԴ(Ԩѧѻ) Դ(ѧѻ)
͹Դ駫ҹ Դӫҡǹ¹͹лШѺ ըش¡˹ öһоĵԻԺѵ Դ֧ʹյ͹Ҥ Դ¤˧ش˧ԴӤҭ Դ¤ءǧó Դ¤Եѧ Դ¤ԴԹԴ
͹Դҧ˵ؼ к ¹ԡ ʵ-Ԩ
ǹشԴա鹵͹˹觢ͧý֡Ե٧(ѻҸԢ鹬ҹ) ֧ʧҡԴا

 

. 鹾觾ҵͧҡҾ觼 ෾ (ùҹ˵طԯ, Theism)
鹡 (Atheism, ) ͧ˵ؼ صԸ Ӵ Ӫ (Ӵ-, Ӫ-) (action = reaction) ҷӡѹ Ҩѡ繼Ѻ ᴹԴ 繷ҷ Ҿѹ 繷 繢ͧ浹 (˵طԯ)

      ѵš仵 ṡѵͻгյ

 

. ءҧ '͹Ԩѧ ءѧ ͹ѵ' ءҧͧ浹 '' 繢ͧͧ  ͷ ͧ Ѻ ʸ͵ҹ ˹ еԴ仵ʹ
ءҧ§ 繷ء 'Ծҹ'

 

. ͧš繨ԧ (¶ٵҳʹ) Թ optimist   (š, ѭ)  Թ pesstimist (š)

 

. ´¹ ´¹ҹ ͧѵš¤͹ѡ Դ ء ¤ѡ 繴 ʧ Դ ѡǴ

 

. ͹繼 º (·ҹ, Ҥ) ҧҷѹ

 

. ͹˹š (šص) Ѻš١š 8 蹧ҹ ͹˹š (šѹ)

 

. شó 'šԷ-šص-šҹء' ҷѹš ֧š, ˹š ˹š, ͡͹š

 

. ͹ä͡ á äá µз 6 ١ ( µԡ ʤڤ, µԡ )

 

. ͹ʹյ Ѩغѹ ͹Ҥ ʵԷѨغѹ 繢ͧԧѧԴѺ ǹ
èз 䢻ѺاѲ ͧѨغѹҷԧШԧ
ʹյ觷ҹ äԴ֧ ö֡ҤԴǹ繺¹ͤԴ ͹þѲһѺا.
áѧŶ֧͹Ҥ觷ѧҶ֧ öҧἹ˹ ͷз㹻Ѩغѹ˵Фùŷ

 

. ¶֧ô ٧ ҹ һǹó 5 øŧ ǹ͸зҵͧ֡ (ԡ) ¹ ҷѹ ֧鹵ҡ˧ҷԴ˵ (¹ԡ) [ءѨ鹤á˹ (ءڢ ʨڨ ԭ)]
ʹѺ١ش [ءطѨ(˵觷ء)鹤. (ءڢط ʨڨ ҵھ)]

й ͡ʵѳҹԴ ֧ʵ¹Ԩ¨Դѭ н֡ŴҪ繤駤

 

. ӤѭѺԵºؤ觷ءǢͧ ʹźؤ㹴ǧ㨷繵Ẻѹҧ٪ ѧǴ  ҡҹͧԵ ԷԾŵ ԰Ԥ繤  Դ ȹ   

ǹ ҹ , ڱԵҹ ǹ, ٪ ٪ҹ, ٻ . , ʻڻ, Ź ǹ, Ź ҡک
褺, ѳԵ, ٪Ҥú٪, 㹻ٻ, ʾͧѵ, ѧ, ʹҸ ѻ 7 觷ʺ͡ŵ͡þѲҪԵԵ (footnote 1)


     Եô´ѧǴ 繷鹢ͧ

 

. ͹ŴФ ѡҹͻª ѡŴС´¹е ǹҤ;ѲҨԵԭطҡҡ ͼҡ ֧繼 ø繼դҡس ԡŧ繼 ԡҹ ʵԻѭᷧʹ㹤ԧͧԵ

 

. ѵšöѲҵͧ ҡشش٧ش ԵѵáõáѨҹ繨ԵǴҾºؤžѹ⾸ѵоط ԭǡŧ ѧ繾лҷ. ҧҧ㹪ҵ ҧҧҹҵǹҹٻʶҹԴ¹ŧçԺҡ

 

. ͹ͧФԴԨóҧ˵ؼ ˵ػѨ ͧСͺ ׺ͧ§ѷѹ ԷѻѨµ Ѩҡ Ԩػҷ к 5 'صع ժ Ե '
繾ѧҹҵԷ蹹ͧ () ö˹ͧ鹷ҧͧ  ( footnote 2)

 

. þ»ѵ 'Ѻٻ' 

'ʵԻѯҹ 4' 繡ý֡ѲʵٻͼѺ觷١ ԴѺ ͹Ԩѧ ءѧ ͹ѵ ʵ ' Ƿ Ե ' ͧҨ¡ӷͧ öԨóѹѺ仡Ѻ 鹡ѺûҡѴй

 

. ͡зʷҧ٨١鹡 Դآ-ء-ມǷ㴷ҧԵ Ѻҷѹ ҨԵͺ--ٴ-ִآǷ ͨԵѡ-ѧ-ͺ-㨷ءǷ ҧԵ繡ҧ ٴ-ѡ ͺ-ѧ ִ ҧ 2 ҧ ФԹԹš ҧ ӨԵʧ 蹤 ມ (, )

 

. ͡Դ (иԴ ٻԴ) ʵ¹ԨС˹   'ҡ ԧ Ե '  ҡ = ҡ͡ҹҾ ҡè ѡɳТͧ;  ԧ = ¡ᵡҧͧԴ ͡  ººҴҳ عç ҡ˹ѡ;  Ե = 繹Ե ͧѧࡵ ʴ͡ҧ 繹Եͧ;  = Ǣ͸Тͧоطͧ ѭѵԪ ⾸Իѡ¸ 37,  ѡҷԨء  ( footnote 3) 繵  Ҫ ͧҧ ҧԧ º§ Ǩͺ ͸Ժ¤١ͧ.  㹡óբͧиԴ ٻԴ ӹͧǡѹ

 

. 'Ҹ' ͤ駨Ե蹪ͺäͧ 8 ش еͧä 7 á ˵ػѨͧСͺͧǴ شäѧդ§ѹԴ 'ҭҹ ص'

 

. ͡ҡҷ԰Ԣͧطʹ ṡѷԤ͹šҧ´ Ԩҷ԰ 62

 

. "٧ش" ͧͧ˹ ෾Ҿҡ㹨ѡ Ҩķҡҧºҧ Ҩ׹ҡ ҵŧԴ ŧѵ٧ش ǹ͹Ԩѧ § ͹ѵ ö˹ѧ㨷ءҧ С˹鵹ͧʹ ͧѺ¹ѯʧ ҺѧԹԾҹ

     Ҿ¶֧ҧء觷ءҧ ʹҾط ҵԵ 5 ͷء觷ءҧվѧӹҨ㹵ѹͧ ԴѺͧԵͧšͧѡŢͧҡó¡仵ͧ 5 ¡ҧǹ繡ä鹾͸Ժ´¤ҧѲҡâͧԷʵҡ ¡ 'ѧҹ㹹 5'  "" ص¡ºؤҸɰҹ

 

. "оط" (God) Һ ʹդس٧شͧѡ 繼طش 'Ѿѭ' 繤ټ͹ͧǴ š š š (the Great Teacher or the Great Master of all Gods  and men)

 

. оطҨ繼ķ٧ش طͧŷԹ ͡ʹ§ ѧӹҨԺҡʹյ

 

. äáͧط ѹ Ҩǹҹҡ ;Ժҡ ѺԴԵҧ Ժҡش зͧʹҷ; äáѡѹ

 

. ʹ觻ѭ ֧ѷҤ 㹡ͧԹԨ֨ó ѧѺ ФԴ֡-ٴ- ͧѺԴͺáзӢͧ ( --> --> Ժҡ ) վ˹ѺԴͺ᷹ ԴѺʹҷ; ѡѧѺԴ ʧ ѡɷءá Ѻʹҧآä ҨǡҭҷҧѧСҺպѧѺѹ ѷҤǹ äԴҧѧѹӺҡ ͷӼԴǺһ ö оҨлзҹ Ѻء᷹

 

. 'Ԫҵѳػҷҹ' ˵ءԴѯʧ ѧᷧصʹԴѡ­ҳ ѧ;ѧҹѡѹԴա

 

. ԧ ءҹ Դ--Ѻ ҧ鹷ء 'Ѩ 4 -ä 8 -⾸Իѡ¸ 37' ԾҹʹҾط 繤Ѻءԧ ʧѹҧ ͧѺ¹µԴآ ء ա شʹ觸駻ǧ

 

. 'Իʹҭҳ 16' Դ鹵ӴѺһԺѵԶ١ͧ 繡׹ѹԹҧä

 

. '' Ӥѭ ͧ֡駫Ѻ͹Թ褹仨лԹ к (ؾ حڭ) ҨԺҡ´¹ѧ ͧʹյ õ駵㹷ҧͺ (͵ڵһԸ) ǡ 'ԷԺҷ 4' 㹻Ѩغѹ֧Ӥѭش ö֡Ѳԭ˹Ҩʺ Ӻحҧ͹ ҷ ҨªҵԴ ( к) Է쵡ͺ

     й鹷ӺحѨغѹ ͧͧҷͧ͡Ҩ觼繻Ǹ繪Ѵਹ

 

   ¹ѯ

ҡҡ龺ҹ

طغѵԡ

ҹѭ


   ҡѧ駻ҷ

Ҵ͡¡ѻ

ءҪ

ѹѹԭ

 

__________________________


footnote


1)  ѻ 7 = ѻ ⤨ѻ ѻ ؤѻ ѻ صѻ һѻ

 

2)  5 

. صع ҵԢͧѧҹҧҾ մԹ ԡ к¨ѡ 繵 (physical inorganic order; physical law)

. ժ ҵԢͧѧҹҧҾ ( biology) վת ѹء ҧ ͧ (physical organic order; biological law)

. Ե ҵԢͧԵ-ਵԡ (psychic law)

. ҵԢͧ-Ժҡ (Kamma law; order of act and result)

. ҵԢͧ ͸Сͺ˵ػѨ»ا (ѧ) š ͡š Ѿҡ ѡɳТͧ͹Ԩѧ ءѧ ͹ѵ (ѡɳ) и˵ػѨ»ا (ѧ) ͹Ծҹ ѡɳТͧԨѧ آѧ ͹ѵ (Dhamma law; order of the norm)

 

 

3)  ѡҷԨء
  . šڢ = ѡɳ
  . = Ԩ
  . ڨػڰҹ =
  . ڰҹ = ˵

 

revised 20/7/63




ʴԴ


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