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Posted by Supawan , ҹ : 9999 , 05:23:26 .  
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ǵ 3 ni_gul , Թ ա 1 ǵͧ

May 04, 2011

ʶҹȨҧҵ 10 觢ͧšس͹͹ѹ仨ҡš

10 Natural Wonders to See Before They Disappear

By Sean O'Neill

سԹͧͧҧҷҡҺҧ ҡš͹ѧԹ ǻСѧ ÷տп͡㹻 2030 ù秷Ż Ҥҹ з Glacier National Park ҹ¡ 40 բҧ˹ ֧÷秷š¨зš˹¹ բšеͧ٭ѹ

觴ǹͧҧҹе餹ѡ÷ͧԧҵպԹҧ͹鹷кҧҹ ÷ͧǹ鹡Դ駤ҧªǡѹ ѹҨ´Ѻ鹷кҧҧ 㹢ǡѹѹҧ 觨Ъ㹡ѡʶҹȨҹ鹴 Ҩ֧ʶҹ 10 觷ѧ١ء ҧ繷դѡѹҡѡ ѧöԹҧ͹ӹ֡ѺԴͺ

You've heard the grim timelines: if warming continues, the Great Barrier Reef will be bleached by 2030; glaciers in the Swiss Alps, on Mt. Kilimanjaro, and in Glacier National Park will disappear in under 40 years; and Arctic ice melt will leave the North Pole bare and polar bears extinct. The immediacy of these timelines prompts flocks of curious eco-tourists to travel to environmentally fragile areas. Tourism is both bane and boon: it can add strain to already distressed areas, but it can also provide income, which in turn can help preserve these wonders. In time for Earth Day, we spotlight 10 areas under threatsome lesser known than othersthat can still be visited responsibly.

Belize Barrier Reef

Belize Barrier Reef ʶҹкȹҡҡشš ¢ͧ ҡູ ѵ manatees ǡѺ ¹ ͻҧ

·ءʶҹ觹 : ǡѺ÷տ㹻 ǻСѧ Belize Barrier Reef ѧ٭ѹ ѹǹ˹觢ͧǻСѧ㹾鹷ҧҧͺ 700 ͧǻСѧ Mesoamerican Reef 觷ʹǨҡ硫仨֧͹

ǻСѧ Belize reef Դҡó͡ҧ˹ѡ㹻 1998 ٭»Сѧ件֧ 50 鹷 ѹ֧Сѧⴴ staghorn coral ѺԴÿ͡㹤駹 ŴŧͧСѧԴҧͧ ҡ˵آͧš͹ӷ蹢 Шҡ÷ӡɵ þѲ С鹢ͧ÷ͧǷþѲҾ鹷ᶺ½Դҡ ѧ֧÷¨ҡͧͷͧ

One of the most diverse reef ecosystems in the world is home to whale sharks, rays, and manatees, as well as sturgeon, conch and spiny lobsters.

The Threat: Like the Great Barrier Reef in Australia, the Belize Barrier Reef leads a tenuous existence. A section of the nearly 700-mile-long Mesoamerican Reef that reaches from Mexico to Honduras, the Belize reef suffered a severe bleaching in 1998, with a loss of 50 percent of its coral in many areas, including much of its distinctive staghorn coral. Since the bleaching, its decline has continued, due to global warming of the world's seas, agricultural pollution, development, and increasing tourism, which has given rise to more coastal development and an invasion of cruise ships

The Congo Basin

ᶺٹٵ 蹷Һطäͧ 觼Ե͡ਹ֧ 40 ͧš Ӥѭ㹡üԵ ѡä ֧觢ͧҵطӤѭ

·ءʶҹ觹 : ¾鹷ҡ 1.3 ҹҧ Һطäͧ繷ͧҽҴ˭ѹѺͧͧš ͧ§͹ҹ

ҡŢͧ˻ЪҪҵ §ҹ 2 3 ͧ觹 ֧תѹѵҷѡɳ੾Тͧ٭㹻 2040 ͡ҡҨҵá÷ջԷҾ㹡ѡһ觹ҹ

觹ʹǼҹ 6 ֧Դ㹾鹷 10 ҹл ˵بҡ÷ͧ õѴԴ ÷ӿ ѵ ʧͧ

ǡѴзͧѴ ѡͺѵѵѧ§͡٭ѹ ԧ ҧ еͤҺ

㹢з鹷Ŵŧ ôٴѺҫ͹͡䫴ŧ仴 ӹǹŴŧ С¹ŧͧҡҡ觢

Tropical rainforests like the Congo Basin produce 40 percent of the world's oxygen and serve as a vital source of food, medicine and minerals.

The Threat: At more than 1.3 million square miles, the Congo Basin has the world's second-largest rainforest, after the Amazon's. According to the UN up to two-thirds of the forest and its unique plants and wildlife could be lost by 2040 unless more effective measures are taken to protect it. Extending across six nations, ten million acres of forest is degraded each year due to mining, illegal logging, farming, ranching, and guerilla warfare. Roads cut by loggers and miners have also enabled poachers and bushmeat hunters to prey on endangered animals like mountain gorillas, forest elephants, bonobos, and okapis. As the forest shrinks, less carbon dioxide is absorbed, and rain decreases, adding to climate change

The Dead Sea

ഴ 繨شӷشͧš (1,312 صӡдѺӷ) 㹹ҡҹӷŸҶ֧ 10 (֧µ꺻ͧ͹Ѻء͡) ͡ѹѹҵط㹡ѡä

·ءʶҹ觹 : 㹪ǧ 4 ɷҹ ഴ˴ŧ 1 3 غŧ 80 ص 13 л ѵҤ÷ŵͧµ ҧ͡仨ҡ½˹㹵͹

Өᴹ觹Ǣͧ觹 ˵طȵҧͺѹ͡ ֧͹§硹ʹ仨֧ഴ Ҩз 50 բҧ˹

͡ҡѧçѹԴ鹷觹ҡѷͧҧмԵᵪ ֧ӨҡŹҵصҧ Ƿҧ䢻ѭҹѹ˹ ç÷ԴѴ Red-Dead Canal зӡüѹзҧ 112 Ūҡᴧ ҨСԴšзҹźǴ (ҧѧ ѹСԴ蹴Թҡ㹾鹷ᶺ)

It's the lowest spot on earth (1,312 feet below sea level), has 10 times more saline than seawater (so humans float like corks), and is believed to contain therapeutic minerals.

The Threat: In the last four decades, the Dead Sea has shrunk by a third and sunk 80 feet13 inches per year!stranding formerly seaside resorts and restaurants nearly a mile from shore. The Jordan River is the lake's sole source, and as surrounding countries increasingly tap its waters, little reaches the Dead Sea, which could disappear within 50 years. Further pressure is put on the sea by the cosmetic companies and potash producers who drain it for minerals. One proposed solution is the controversial Red-Dead Canal, channeling water 112 miles from the Red Sea, but its environmental impact could be negative (some worry that it would increase seismic activity in the region)

The Everglades

2.5 ҹͺ֧ ҪŹ ˭ о鹷ҹ觹 繾鹷šըШӨ״ѹ

·ءʶҹ觹 : ѹҧ鹷ӷкҧ觹ͧ㹤§ : Шҡ÷ӿ ѵ;תҧ繵Ƿҧ ͷ¡ invasive species ֧þѲҷԹͺࢵʹ ѧͧٴ֧ԧ 60 ͧ㹺dz١ѹͧ§㹾鹷 ҹ繼 Ҵ֧ͧôŴŧ§˹觢ͧҴ㹻 1900

仡ҹ ʹӢͧԴ 觾§ҹ ͹§ 100 㹸ҵҹ ͪԴҨ٭ѹ价 40 բҧ˹ (§ʹҹ ҧѵ 20 Դ㹺֧ô§ ֧ manatees йաªԴ)

This 2.5 millionacre wetland encompasses cypress swamps, mangroves, sawgrass and pine savannahs. It's the only place in the world where crocodiles and alligators share territory.

The Threat: A host of dangers are putting this fragile wetland at risk: pollution from farms, invasive species, and encroaching development, not to mention the fact that 60 percent of the region's water is being diverted to nearby cities and farms. As a result, The Everglades is now half the size it was in 1900. Worse, this is the sole habitat of the Florida panther, and there are less than 100 of the creatures left in the wild. These big cats may be completely lost within the next 40 years as their habitat disappears (they're not alone, eitherat least 20 species in the Everglades are endangered, including turtles, manatees, and wading birds).

Madagascar

80 ͧ͡Ҵҡʡ辺㹾鹷ͧš ͧͺسҹѺҹշ觹١ⴴطԹ ͡½ѿԡ

·ءʶҹ觹 : ҡա÷ͻͧз˭ӴѺ 4 ͧš觹 ҺШ٭ 35 (˹վ鹷 120,000 ҧ ͹Ŵŧ§ 20,000) þѵ辺੾з觹٭仾Ѻ

кȹҵԢͧ觹١¡õѴ һҷ͹ Сѡͺѵ 20 ¾ѹ鹪ͧ͢Ҵҡʡҡѧ§ѹ¨ҡ٭ѹ ֧Ҩվ鹷ʧǹ ѹҧҧ (ͺ鹷§ 5 ͧ鹷) еШѴШ ѹ˵վ鹷ѵԹҧҹдǡ ѵ੾ж蹢ͧҴҡʡҺҧԴաèѹ֡´ ǡѹ٭·ѧա֡ǡѺǡѹҡ͹

More than 80 percent of Madagascar's flora and fauna are found nowhere else on Earth, thanks to millions of years of isolation in the Indian Ocean off of Africa.

The Threat: If nothing is done to save the world's fourth-largest island, its forests will be gone in 35 years (once 120,000 square miles, they're now down to 20,000), and their unique inhabitants along with them. Forest ecosystems are being destroyed by logging, burning for subsistence farms, and poaching. The 20 species of lemurs for which Madagascar is renowned are in danger of disappearing. Though there are game reserves, they're not large (occupying only five percent of the island), nor are they contiguous, thus failing to provide corridors for the animals to travel through. Some of Madagascar's endemic species have never even been recorded, and will likely be lost before they can be studied.

The Maldives

ȹǻСѧҡ ջҷ㹢ѹ giant Napolean wrasse ʹ лҡູա 20 Դ (ǹ˭ջաҡ 10 ص)

·ءʶҹ觹 : ѡԷʵ駤ѧҡѡѺŴѾ 繻ȷӷشš ҡš͹ѧдѺӷ٧ ŴѾ繻ȷ 1,190 ֧ǧǹա (㹨ӹǹ 200 зդ) Ш¡ѹطԹ鹼ǹ§ 8 صҹ

2008 иҹҸԺբͧŴվСѰŨͷԹ㹻 ֧㹻Թ 繺ҹ͹ͧ餹ͧ˹¹ӷͧҡ˵طдѺӷ٧ 㹻 2009 ѴЪѰ Ӷ֧кҧͧТͧŴվ

The nation is rich in coral reefs and endangered fishlike the giant Napolean wrasse, leopard shark, and some 250 manta rays (most with wingspans of 10 feet).

The Threat: Few scientists hold out much hope for the Maldivesthe world's lowest nationif global warming continues to melt the ice caps and raise sea levels. Its 1,190 small islands and atolls (200 of which are inhabited) scattered across the Indian Ocean rise a mere eight feet above sea level. In 2008, the President of the Maldives announced the government would start buying land in other countries, including India, for future homes for citizens displaced by rising waters. In 2009, he held a cabinet meeting underwater to stress the islands' vulnerability

The Poles

ҡóҧҵԷԴ鹷Ȩçѹҡ : ͹٧˭ǡѺ֡٧ ҡóԴʧ кôѵ㹺dz (ྐྵԹ բš )

·ءʶҹ觹 : ʶҺѹ The Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute ʶҺѹԨ·ҧŷѧš÷˭شš ҡó 80 ͧЪҡùྐྵԹѡþôԢͧԡҨح ǹ͡§͡٭ѹ ҡš͹ѧԹ

ࢵ졵ԡ բšз§蹡ѹ ˵آͧ÷ (ѵҡŴŧ 3 㹷ء˹觷ҵؤ 1970s) ҡ÷价š зкȹҧҵԷ仴 : ŧ͹ phytoplankton ԭԺ蹹 âͧ zooplankton ѵŢҴ ѹ˹ǧâͧ ǹ բš йྐྵԹ ֡ҹѧҡó ҡš͹ѧյ 20-40 秨秵㹷ջ͹ڡԡ

The natural phenomena here are unique and inspiring: towering icebergs, Aurora Borealis, and majestic animals (penguins, polar bears, whales).

The Threat: The Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute, the world's largest non-profit ocean research group, has predicted that 80 percent of the emperor penguin population of Antarctica will be lost, and the rest in danger of extinction, if global warming continues. In the Arctic, the polar bear is also endangered by the steady loss of sea ice (which has decreased 3 percent per decade since the 1970s). As sea ice disappears at the poles, so do entire ecosystems: the phytoplankton that grows under ice sheets feeds zooplankton and small crustaceans like krill, which are on the food chain for fish, seals, whales, polar bears and penguins. Studies predict that with continued warming, within 20-40 years, no ice will form in Antarctica

Rajasthan, Ranthambore

ʶҹշشš˹㹡仴

·ءʶҹ觹 : Ъҡâͧ㹸ҵŴŧ§ 3,200 ҡҤ˹觢ͧӹǹ㹻Թҡդҧ˭ǧ价úҧҧ ˭ҹҨ٭ѹ㹪ǪԵͧҹͧ ҨҪ 12 շж֧ͧ(ººŢѺӹǹ 100,000 ǷԹ㹻 1900 سо觵ҧ¹ŧҧҡͧȵ)

ЪҡŴŧ 93 ֧ҨѺ͹ѡǾ鹷ջ¡ ͷշҧԹ͡价ͧ÷ҧ˭ҧè աäҴó 1 Ƕ١ҷءѹ͹ǹͧҨչἹҳ

One of the best places in the world to see tigers.

The Threat: The world's population of wild tigers has fallen to as few as 3,200, more than half of which live in India. If extreme efforts are not undertaken, the big cat may be extinct within our lifetimepossibly in as soon as a dozen years. (Compare this number to the 100,000 tigers that lived in India in 1900 and you can see just how drastically things have changed in the past two centuries.) Their habitats have been reduced 93 percent, and though there are reserves across Asia, most are small and have no corridors between them for the normally far-roaming felines. It's estimated that a tiger a day is killed for use in Chinese traditional medicine

The Tahuamanú Rainforest

йѵ¡Թͷ˭شͧš ѵǡѵšҾǧ§ ǡѺѵ ǹѡ ocelot ͨ йҡѡ

·ءʶҹ觹 : ҽ觴ͧࢵ Madre de Dios 繺ҹͧ͡ҹշش㹷ջԡ ѡͺѴҾҽ ѰԡͧͧѺԴͺ 㹡Ѻ͡ҹշѴҧԴ¹֧ 80

1 öҧ֧ 1 ҹ­Ͷ١ҧ ǡѡͺѴҧ ӿйѡѵö㹻 ͡ҡ鹹ѡͧǷҵҡкȹͺҧͧ 㹺dz§ صˡ÷ͧͧӡõСǢҡŧ㹹

Parrots and macaws feed off of the world's largest salt lick. They share this pristine wonderland with endangered creatures like giant armadillos, ocelots, jaguars, and giant otters.

The Threat: This magnificent rain forest in Peru's Madre de Dios region holds some of the last old-growth stands of mahogany in South America. But illegal logging is depleting the rainforestand the U.S. is responsible for buying 80 percent of the mahogany. A single tree can create as much as $1 million worth of furniture. Loggers build roads, allowing farmers and hunters to enter, further crowding the indigenous people and destroying the delicate ecosystem. In nearby areas, gold mining has released mercury into the air and water

The Yangtze River Basin

ѵšѡ Ᾱ տ §պ й䫺 繺ҹ ǡѺա 400 ҹ

·ءʶҹ觹 : ѹѧ价֧šзͧ觡ҧͧչ˭ ѹŤ٧֧ ͧѹҹ­ 蹤͹ ҧáʶҺѹ ֧ѰŨչͧ ͡ѺҤҺط§աѧѹ¢ͧ٭ѵѵ͡ѡɳͧ鹷觹

ѡҧҧԴ͵ͧ;¾餹Ъǹ͡ ͹Դӷҹ 鹷ɵ çҹ ͧҧ Ѻ§ҡзҡԹ صˡ ÷ӡɵ СáӨѴͧ»ȨҡúӺѴ

Դҡó蹴Թ͹ йѡԷʵҹԴ蹴Թǡççѹͧ˹͹ 2 Ҩ觼Դ蹴ԹǷԴ÷ҧҧâ

Exotic creatures like giant pandas, dwarf blue sheep, Yangtze finless porpoises, and Siberian cranes call this region homealong with some 400 million people.

The Threat: It's too early to know the exact impact of the creation of China's massive, $24 billion Three Gorges Dam, but many, including the Chinese government, have acknowledged that the Yangtze Basin region is in danger of losing its most distinctive marine and animal life. Deforestation has occurred from clearing land for displaced farmers, and the reservoir has flooded villages, farms, factories, and mines, adding to the Yangtze River's existing pollution from shipping, industry, agriculture and raw sewage. Landslides have also happened, and seismologists wonder if the water pressure above two fault lines might result in a disastrous earthquake.

Source : http://travel.yahoo.com/p-interests-39412377


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ni_gul ѹ : 04/05/2011 : 06.34 .
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"ءըԵ㨷ѡѹ ءըԵ㨷Ъ¡ѹõҧ ·觷 Сѹ. " кҷ稾лԹԾʹപ ( .. ) Ҹ! ·Ǥ - ҹȨ | ҹ ȷ_š, ҹ Ե㨾_, ҹ ҷ_ѧ, ҹ ҵ_Ȩ http://oknation.nationtv.tv/blog/mettapc/2018/07/17/entry-2

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